title>Lady Liberty Defended: January 2009
Lady Liberty Defended
Saturday, January 31, 2009
  Blago ... Go... Go... Gone!
"All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, and one man in his time plays many parts … a poor player, that struts and frets his hour upon the stage, and then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and
fury, Signifying nothing."

It's been a wild and hairy week up here around the southern shores of Lake Michigan.

We've been told by Mr. Disowned, with the most  Al Capone-like sincerity, that doing "good things" for a few people (including Himself) is sufficient excuse for doing Bad things for the rest of the State.

Not that I have much sympathy.  In 2006 Illannoy could have picked a non-machine FEMALE governor two years ago… but the Daley Outfit & the Madigans knew it would be their downfall, so they put the Word out… and Judy Baar-Topinka was crucified… allowing The Hair to be the Martyr.  Whatever.  Blago's gone (until the Fed Prosecution/Trial News Releases) and Good Riddance.

What  remains to be seen is whether or not "Hot Rod" can accelerate fast enough to get to the Fed Prosecutor Fitzgerald's office to Sing before the Choir Leader has him silenced.

If he's fast enough, there might actually BE some "Change"… but THAT "HOPE" is fleeting... BO sure wouldn't want to see it.  I wonder how much Blago likes the taste of Deep Lake Michigan Water… it's not like he has either State or Outfit bodyguards/security any more…

In the meanwhile, the congenial, but addled, Senator Burris has shifted from "Blago's The Smartest Governor ever to appoint a Senile Narcissist to the Senate" to "Rod Who?" displaying, again, how utterly contrived and controlled his appointment was.

Frankly though, I'm not too sure that's a bad thing.  One "Eddie Haskell" from Illannoy in the US Senate is enough.

Ah well.  Regardless of what Chicago & Springfield think, as long as we have the Chicagoan In Chief, Illannoy will remain an international laughingstock.

There are other things on my mind though.

The CiC has "inherited" a lovely financial crisis, created by the Party in Charge of Financial Policy, where he has to figure out what to do about rising unemployment, hostile foreign cavemen (with explosives) and 49% of the population who innately knows that he is a self-serving Tool for the Chicago Machine & Urban Socialist Policy.

Fortunately for the One Party running the State, if they can delay the Complete Collapse of the US by Prolonging the Suffering through today's profligate spending of tomorrow's GDP, they can hope to outlive/starve to death those Old Timers and Red Staters who know their history... and how to shoot back. ...

Fortunately for those who Understand the Constitution, we know you can't save a sinking ship by drilling holes in the hull to let the water out.

Things are about to get very interesting… in the Chinese sense.

But that's OK.  It's not like The One REALLY cares much about anyone who doesn't get Media Coverage just by breathing.  Maybe that's why he didn't show up at the American Legion "Support our Heroes/Medal of Honor Inaugural Ball.

Yes, I'm still PO'ed about that.  I'm even MORE PO'ed that "MY" American Legion would give the POtuS a Pass by saying he "couldn't" attend… when he was just smoozing with Hollyweirdos & Leftist Freaks.

The first "Black President" was also the First to snub our MoH Heroes – Black & White.  Saul Alinsky would be proud.

Two (Chicago) Idiots.  Full of Sound and Fury, Signifying Nothing… except maybe the temporarily thwarted Corruption and the ongoing Collapse of The Republic.

God Save America…
 
Friday, January 30, 2009
  Michael Steele Elected Chair of Republican National Committee!
Congratulations to Michael Steele on his election to the chair of the Republican National Committee! What a wonderful choice. A sterling, articulate, conservative. I'm all for Mr. Steele! I think this is a big step forward in our effort to save the country.

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Thursday, January 29, 2009
  More on the Augusta County Reassessment Debacle
To search for your friends or neighbors' assessments, try the Virginia Mass Appraisal Network.


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Supervisor Tracy Pyles recommended holding at the 2005 assessment values but the that was rejected.

Please note the following:
"In July, the values produced by Blue Ridge Mass Appraisals were up 54 percent, lowered then to 42 percent in October and lowered again to 27 percent in January," Pyles said. "These are not anomalous, insignificant evaluations. Instead, they are a series of calculations reflecting a devaluation of property at a velocity unseen since the Great Depression of the 1930s."
My mother's assessment is up 48% overall, 100% on land alone. That belies the 27% increase reported. I know of one individual whose property assessment increased by 175%!

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Further review of my mother's assessment and her neighbors shows that the major increase has been in LAND value. Apparently, the appraisal company felt that all land was equally available and usable for development. Frankly, this isn't true as most of my mother's land is unavailable because it doesn't meet the requirements for building for one reason or another. Further, it is poor agricultural land with an A horizon of only 1-2 inches over some 6+ acres and a lot of rock over another 6+ acres. This land is only useful for some grazing. Even the trees grown thereon have little value as timber. In short, it is good for what it is, a 16 acre plot for one house and not much more. Yet, this land was assessed at $10,000 an acre.

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The appeal process puts the burden on the tax payer and is loaded in favor of the government.
APPEALING YOUR ASSESSMENT

Appealing Your Real Estate Assessment:
The first step is to appeal to the Board of Assessors (BOA). The BOA consists of seven (7) individuals, one from each magisterial district, appointed by the Board of Supervisors. They work with the appraisal company during the assessment period, and then serve on the assessment hearing teams. The BOA is responsible for reviewing assessment questions relating to accuracy, fairness, and equitability. Most issues are resolved at this stage.

If you are unable to resolve your issue with the BOA, another step is an appeal to the Board of Equalization. Augusta County’s Board of Equalization (BOE) consists of five (5) members who are appointed by the Circuit Court of Augusta County to determine if the assessed value is true to market value and equitable to similar properties.

The final level of appeal is to the Circuit Court of Augusta County. The taxpayer may apply directly to the Circuit Court of Augusta County without appealing to the BOA or BOE

Important:
When filing a formal appeal, the burden of proof is on the property owner to show that the assessment is incorrect by providing evidence that the assessed value does not reflect market value and/or uniformity. Evidence should consist of sales and/or assessments of comparable properties in the area or information on conditions of the property not previously known to the assessor. If the appeal is based on conditions of which the appraiser was not aware, adequate documentation is required to support the claim.

What we know is that there does appear to be uniformity to some degree as all land was equally if unreasonably elevated in value. What I find interesting is that smaller lots, even if used as farm land or having been purchased and now used with contiguous farm land, were valued/assessed as if they were building lots. Therefore, it would be very difficult to prove that one's land was inequitably assessed, everyone having been equally shafted.

True market value is equally difficult to prove. There being no sales of precisely comparable lots the appraisal company apparently went down the road to a farm which had been subdivided. That farmer had gone into bankruptcy and the court apparently directed that a portion of the land be sold to satisfy the debt. That land was bought up and immediately subdivided (in violation of a verbal agreement) for sale as building lots. While not ideal farmland, it has been used for grazing and is somewhat better than Mom's place and much less rocky. Lot sizes ranged from 5-27 or so acres. Based on the sales of that land and the construction of houses thereon, the appraisal firm valued land over a mile away with different soil profiles and other characteristics.

Thus the remaining avenue for "proof" of the taxpayer's position is to have an appraisal done. Despite the cost, there is no guarantee that the appraisal will even be accepted by the Board of Assessors or Board of Equalization.

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  Imagine the Potential...

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Wednesday, January 28, 2009
  Augusta County Reassessment Fight Continues
The Augusta County Board of Supervisors will meet at the Government Center tonight at 1900 (7:00 PM). If you can't make the meeting to make your voice heard, you may e-mail the County Administrator or contact them by phone or mail.

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  The local fight against unreasonable taxation continues...
Attorney threatens to sue county officials Churchville lawyer says reassessments are not accurate By Trevor Brown/staff • tbrown@newsleader.com • January 28, 2009
VERONA — An area lawyer is considering filing a class-action lawsuit against Augusta County if officials do not roll back the 2009 reassessments.
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Churchville attorney Francis Chester said the assessments, which were mailed last week, are unfair and do not represent the actual market value of many properties. He called on county residents to join his petition and lobby county officials to disregard the reassessments, which increased an average 27.7 percent for home prices and 42.3 percent for commercial values, and return to the 2005 values.

"This is insane and the assessments are absolutely unreliable," he said. "If people don't stand up for their rights, they will be lambs to the slaughter."

Chester said he was "floored" when he received his assessment, which reflected an increase from $19,200 to $53,800 for the value of one of his properties and a 120 percent increase for another he owns. He said his initial research convinced him many others also think their new assessments are not legitimate.

He said he will begin circulating a petition in local businesses throughout the county and encourage residents to appeal their reassessment to qualify for a possible lawsuit. He said his law office is prepared to take legal action if the Board of Supervisors does not repeal the reassessments.

County Attorney Patrick Morgan said he is skeptical Chester's strategy is the best route to find tax relief, noting that the Board of Supervisors does not set the reassessment values.

"The board does have the authority to set the tax rate to make the taxes equal to what it was before the reassessment," he said. "I think if there is to be any relief, that is the best way to achieve that."

A further legal obstacle for Chester will be the state law that requires localities with the population of Augusta County to conduct reassessments every four years. In October, Supervisor Tracy Pyles argued the board ignore this law, which would cause the county to forfeit $38,000 from its share of net profits of the operation of the alcoholic beverage control system. However, the rest of the board unanimously rejected the proposal.

Chester argued his legal action would not violate the state law, because he said the reassessments do not reflect the actual market values as they are required to do. He said he can produce a line of real estate experts that can testify that values are much lower than the assessed figures.

Board of Assessors co-Chairman Walter Brown encouraged those, like Chester, who are unhappy with their reassessments to appeal the values with the Board of Assessors. He also said Blue Ridge Mass Appraisal, which conducted the county's reassessment work, performed its job properly.

"I believe the methodology used by Blue Ridge Mass Appraisal is solid," he said. "They met the standards to be fair, and I'm comfortable with the results."
I'm glad the co-chair of the Board of Assessors is comfortable with the reassessment. Ii suppose he is also comfortable with incompetence...

There is no way that my mother's property increased in value from $214,000 to $314,000 in 4 years. The building has deteriorated, the pasture land is marginal, it won't support another construction and the woodland is on rock. Clearly, the appraisal company never bothered to look at the property.

I must note that some folks claim it isn't the assessment that's the problem but the rate. To maintain Mother's tax payment amount, the rate would have to be reduced to $.39 per hundred. I don't see that happening. I don't see the property being valued at $314,000. The combination of tax rate and assessment amounts to a tax increase. I believe that it is an UNFAIR tax increase. Theft by the government.

Oh, there is an appeals process. The burden of proof is on the victim (tax payer) not on the government to show that the assessed value isn't correct. To do that one must either compare to other assessed values of comparable properties or show that actual sale prices of comparable properties don't reflect assessed values. That is a losing proposition for the property owner/taxpayer. Why? Well, in the first case ALL assessed values have been increased a like amount and second there are no recent sales because the market is very depressed. In other words, there's nothing to which a valid comparison can be made. The deck is stacked in favor of the government (which looks less and less to be "by, for, and of the people" every single day).

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Tuesday, January 27, 2009
  Silencing Private Citizens?
House GOP member to Rush: Back off
Rush Limbaugh may command a large following, but his caustic comments Monday about the GOP’s congressional leadership have at least one Republican House member defending his colleagues and offering an unusually candid critique of the talk radio powerhouse and his fellow commentators.

Responding to President Obama’s recommendation to Republican congressional leaders last week that they not follow Limbaugh’s lead, the conservative talkmeister said on his show that Obama is “obviously more frightened of me than he is Mitch McConnell. He's more frightened of me, than he is of, say, John Boehner, which doesn't say much about our party."

Rep. Phil Gingrey, R-Ga., did not take kindly to this assessment in an interview with Politico Tuesday.

“I think that our leadership, Mitch McConnell and John Boehner, are taking the right approach,” Gingrey said. “I mean, it’s easy if you’re Sean Hannity or Rush Limbaugh or even sometimes Newt Gingrich to stand back and throw bricks. You don’t have to try to do what’s best for your people and your party. You know you’re just on these talk shows and you’re living well and plus you stir up a bit of controversy and gin the base and that sort of that thing. But when it comes to true leadership, not that these people couldn’t be or wouldn’t be good leaders, they’re not in that position of John Boehner or Mitch McConnell."
It seems to me that there is an awful lot of arrogance in our elected representatives. Regardless of party affiliation, they should not be silencing dissent. It is their job to protect dissenters.

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  Another Tea Party - An Interesting Proposal
From The Market Ticker
So long as we have an inauguration drawing this sort of crowd and not a protest about our government blowing $700 billion of our dollars so that The Pigmen of Wall Street can continue to rob our nation blind, then saddle us with the bill when their bets go bad, we will see no solution.

I cannot take credit for the idea floated on the forum, but I do like it.

It is time for We The People to send a strong message to Washington DC - no more. No more loading our children and grandchildren with debt. No more bailing out speculators and bankers who made bets they knew were unsafe at the time. No more bailing out people who came to Congress to demand the removal of leverage limits, got what they asked for, then blew themselves up with the very leverage they demanded to be able to use.

No more.

Therefore, on February 1st, which is more than enough time for Barack Obama to be seated in his chair in the West Wing, I am recommending an act of peaceful, lawful and yet unmistakable protest.

That is, to mail President Obama one teabag. Nothing dangerous, nothing illegal - just one teabag.

Send one to your Congressman and one to each Senator.

Later, when the weather is a bit warmer and fountains are running water (rather than frozen!) this sort of protest can be repeated with LOOSE tea in select cities.

But for now, let's start with the symbolism, to be repeated each and every time our government votes or intends to do something similarly stupid - which I presume will include Obama's "stimulus" package.

If we all mail our teabags on February 1st, it will send a strong message to Washington. Include a copy of this Ticker, another Ticker related to the many bailouts (pick one!) or write your own letter condemning the fraud and abuse in our banking and financial system - with the teabag being your symbolic refusal to quietly pay for it.

Pass it around the blogs and email lists - its a bag of tea folks, and the obvious parallel to the Boston Tea Party of old should be instantly obvious to everyone who receives it.
I make the following suggestions:
- leave the tag showing it is tea on the string/bag
- don't send a wet/used bag
- put the bag inside your folded letter

All this mail will be held up as it is examined. To actually verbalize your views, e-mail or call your Senator or Representative.

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  Tax Cheat Confirmed as Secretary of the Treasury
We expected the Socialists to vote him in, but the Republicans? Well maybe the RINOs but...

Corker (R-TN)
Cornyn (R-TX)
Crapo (R-ID)

Ensign (R-NV)
Graham (R-SC)
Gregg (R-NH)
Hatch (R-UT)
Shelby (R-AL)
Snowe (R-ME)
Voinovich (R-OH)

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  Local Taxes - Augusta County, Virginia
They say all politics is local (was that Tip O'Neil?) and right now, mostly it is.  We're fighting some fights at the state level.  Some folks seem to think that with the new President they have a mandate to control people.  At the local level, they seem to think that taxing people to death is financially responsible government. 

You see, here in August County, we've come due for re-assessment of real estate for tax purposes.  Amazingly, in a time of deflationary pricing on real estate my mother's property has been assessed at half-again as much as previously or $314,000 as opposed to $214,000.  This only 4 years after the last assessment.  This in a time of the burst housing bubble, at a time when I was able to purchase property in the city at below the old assessment value, on very poor farm land good only for grazing and some small amount of hay production (on part of it) or some poor timber growing on very rocky ground.  There is no place else on "the place" to put a dwelling.  The land is what it is but it has been assessed as if one could sub-divide and build.  So, Mom's taxes have risen by about $580 per year, or about 2 months social security payments. 

The tax rate will have to be reduced from $.58 per hundred to about $.39 per hundred to avoid an actual tax increase.  Given the value of services, there is no reason for a tax increase.  Yes, there is an appeal process.  Yes, I will be appealing.  I don't hold out much hope for relief.

Already various members of the Board of Supervisors have been whining about needing more revenue (money out of our pockets).  Just doing their part to help the economy I guess.  Following the great leader I suppose.  In Staunton, a recent reassessment of like consequence was likewise arrogantly treated with a token decrease in the tax rate but the end result was a tax increase. 

By the way, both Augusta County and the Staunton City Council has made up a begger's list for the Governor and Federal government hoping to suck off some money from the "stimulus" package for all sorts of stuff we don't need if we can't afford it including tennis courts.  Tennis courts!

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Sunday, January 25, 2009
  Say Your Piece, Defend Your Rights, Do It NOW
From AJMD429

If gun owners follow their past history of being oblivious to what’s going on until AFTER the law is being rushed through to ‘save’ us from whatever ‘emergency’ crime spree is being used as an excuse, we will once again FAIL to stop dangerous, counterproductive legislation.

If gun owners follow their past history of ONLY caring about the type of guns they shoot, or the place where they live, we will once again FAIL to stop dangerous, counterproductive legislation.

If gun owners follow their past history of expecting someone ELSE to do the work, write the letters, make the calls, and protect their freedom, they will once again show the world that most gun owners are NOT “patriots” and really do just care about keeping their hobby convenient, as opposed to protecting the safety of our streets and the stability of our society.

Yes, GUN OWNERS are more to blame for stupid gun laws than the moronic, self-serving politicians who propose those laws; after all that’s what politicians DO - they posture, grandstand, and invent scary Hegelian demons we’ll beg them to protect us from. That’s how they get more power and more money, and how we’ve arrived at a socialist society where every facet of our lives is micro-managed by bureaucrats.

Gun owners, on the other hand, are supposed to be “responsible” citizens - is that too much to ask? We expect them to safely handle their firearms, and we expect that they’ll take a few minutes from the deer stand, or a few dollars from the ammunition budget, and be politically active. Some of them cling to a fantasy “from my cold, dead fingers” world and imagine dramatic shootouts with jack-booted thugs. That would really make a nice movie, maybe starring Humphrey Bogart or John Wayne, directed by John Milius. I’ll watch it. Meanwhile, some of us would rather KEEP what’s left of our freedom, and our lives, and use those fingers to write frequent letters to the public servants we’ve let run amok for too long.

If you want to keep your guns, and more importantly, if you want your children and grandchildren to live in a nation with any semblance of freedom, you need to write your legislators NOW. Write them now, BEFORE the law is being rushed through, and BEFORE your legislator has made come ‘commitment’ to support it, out of stupidity YOU could have corrected.

Paraphrase the following if you want to, or if you have to, just send it as is. But DO IT NOW!

Don’t wait for the avalanche of gun laws to be falling - by then it WILL be too late.

Dear ___________

I’m writing you just to let you know that REGARDLESS of the ‘details,’ I want you to oppose ANY new gun control laws, period. The problem isn’t how to define ‘assault weapons,’ or who should own what, or how to make some illegitimate ‘registration list’ appear useful when it’s not, or pretend such databases are not a clear and present danger to the stability of our form of government. Safe streets and a stable government do not require ‘gun control’ laws - in fact they are put at risk by the symbolic, useless, and dangerous laws proposed. There is NOT an acceptable ‘compromise’ and no form of registration or prohibition is ‘reasonable.’

YOUR job is to uphold the Constitution and NOT to endanger our nation with ridiculous ‘feel good’ laws to appease anti-gun colleagues or ignorant citizens who have been duped into supporting illegitimate ‘gun’ laws. It is not a time for ‘compromise’ or political expediency, nor a time to pretend you think the Second Amendment is somehow there to protect ‘legitimate sporting firearms’ - maintaining proper balance between citizen and government is hardly a matter of lighthearted ‘sport.’ Please remember that.

I expect you to support the Second Amendment, without exception.

Sincerely, ____________


1. Please send this RIGHT AWAY to ALL your legislators, pro- or anti- gun, federal, state, and local. Send it AGAIN in a week or two, by email (for them to tally) AND by post-card (they might actually read those). Send it EVERY WEEK to all of them! If they are anti-gun, annoy the hell out of them until they commit to supporting the Second Amendment. If they are pro-gun, support them, send them pro-gun articles they can use to defend their position, like http://rkba.org/research/suter/med-lit. ... #first_hit or http://web.archive.org/web/200106020917 ... nnmed.html

2. If you don’t know who ALL your legislators are, you should be ashamed, but you can FIX this problem - go to http://gunowners.org/activism.htm and FIND OUT.

3. Please forward this to your lazy-butt gun-owning friends who have time to watch the ball games, or go deer hunting, but don’t ever have time to write political letters.

4. DON’T be too ‘polite’ to involve ‘non-gun’ people - THEIR freedoms are just as important to them, and just as endangered. They aren’t interested in ‘guns’ and therefore are not likely even aware of what the current laws are, or the implications of future ones. They likely don’t really realize how crucial the Second Amendment is, and that it isn’t just some obsolete ‘theory’ from history - thousands of innocent people in other nations are murdered every DAY by their own police and military, and such genocide REQUIRES gun registration, then bans, especially of ‘military-style’ firearms. Those ones are the ones most important for a free society to have in the hands of ordinary citizens, but because they look scary, and are vilified by the media on a daily basis, non-gun-owners at best think of them as dangerous ‘toys’ that eccentric gun owners want to play with - NOT as the very thing standing in the way of the next Hitler or Pol Pot. Yes, the ‘non-gun’ people need to get involved - the social instability and violence and crime which always follow gun control will endanger their future and their families, too. Educate them by passing this along to them.

5. [...add other useful information you think of here...]

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Saturday, January 24, 2009
  Dancing the Right away...
The Right to do or Be somthing is often based most strongly in the moral authority granted to one person by others.

The POTUS is, by Constitutional Authority, the Commander in Chief of the United States Armed Forces... but the new CnC - the Chicagoan in Chief - has proven he does not have the Moral Authority for the Job.

For the first time in 56 years since President Dwight D. Eisenhower set the precedent at HIS inaguration, the New Guy declined to even put in an appearance at the quadrennial "Salute to Heroes Inaugural Ball" - held on the night of the Inauguration.

In 2005 President Bush and VP Cheney began the round of Inaugural Balls at the Salute to Heroes Ball - and made a special point of explaining why it was traditional to start the round of balls by saluting the remaining MoH recipients.

14 Inaugurations have passed and ten Presidents from both Political Parties have made it a point to attend this gathering of Medal of Honor recipients... except for this one... and the news went Viral.

It seems that the Mainstream Media and the Moonbat Left Blogosphere were so desperate to hide this snub from the public that the Media spiked it and the lefties tried to quash the reports by claiming the ball didn't happen.

Maybe it's just me, but if an Inagural Ball that has been on every President's itenerary since 1953 suddenly up and dissappeared - or merged with another ball - I would think it would make News beforehand. It most certainly would have afterward if that would have, in fact, been able to get the Thetans off Barry's back so he could be Clear.

No, the Salute our Heroes Inaugural Ball happened.  The Chicagoan In Chief simply didn't think the invite, or the MoH recipients in attendence, were worth his time.  He needed to hobnob with Hollyweird Stars.

This was the 50th anniversary of the Medal of Honor Society.  This event was one of the signature events of the year, as it is every 4 years. And The Chicagoan In Chief skipped it.


There are 104 living recipients of the MoH.


47 were at the Ball.

Out of the 104, those 47 are basically 100% of those healthy enough to make the trip to ANY event- youngest living is 58, the oldest is over 100. Within BHO’s time of administration, we will lose 40% of these heroes living today.

And on Day One, this CnC lost his Moral Authority by snubbing them.

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Friday, January 23, 2009
  Ban Kitchen Knives on Campus
Virginia Tech Student Decapitated and no gun in sight! Boy, I tell you, I'd feel safe on Virginia Tech's campus...

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  And so a new Presidency begins...
The press isn't happy, Mrs. Clinton's husband doesn't really come clean on donors, NY Gov. Patterson picked a conservative Democrat (?) for the vacant senate seat, the President has taken to "staring down" reporters, Pakistanis are killed, the President to lift ban on overseas abortion funding and... what's next?

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  Make Mine Freedom

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Thursday, January 22, 2009
  Capitalism
Is capitalism dead? No. President Obama and his tax-cheat Treasury Secretary can nationalize the banking system but that won't kill capitalism. The truth is that even the Soviet Union and Communist China couldn't kill capitalism. In those countries staples like bread, meat, rice and tofu were available on the black market. The difference between the U.S. and those countries will be, in the short term, that in this country drugs will be the free market example. Even if everything in this country is nationalized, black markets will still exist and will even across national borders.

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  President Obama's First Day
The President apparently got up, went to church and then signed a number of executive orders. Due to the flub on the oath on inauguration day, the President has re-taken the oath. Good to go, that was a must do. It eliminates questions in the minds of many. Too bad he couldn't do that with his birth certificate. I bet that one hangs on for the whole presidency.

The big thing was the suspension of military tribunals at GITMO. Oh yeah, that makes sense. Never, ever, have prisoners of war been treated in the same way as the citizens of the capturing country. They are, after all, enemies. Even the Hague Conventions acknowledge this. Terrorists on the other hand, are recognized as particularly nefarious and due fewer protections when they are stateless. The Bush administration actually gave them a number of priveleges they didn't need to. They provided a pretty darn nice detention camp in GITMO. They went out of their way to respect their religion. 60 some who have been released have been found on the battlefield again soon after their release. These are indeed the hard core combatants the Bush administration said they were.

Unfortunately, the socialists have made this a cause and President Obama has signed on. How these people will be detained and/or judged is again up in the air. Such things are signs of weakness among the terrorists' recruiting base. Their demographic sees this as a tactical defeat. -1 for President Obama.

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Wednesday, January 21, 2009
  Can't Contact Senator Mark Warner?
Neither can I! I wanted to sen him the following but apparently hearing from his constituents at this critical time is not a priority for the Senator.
We OPPOSE the confirmation of Timothy Franz Geithner as Treasury Secretary.

We feel that it is improper to have an executive charged with upholding the law who has willfully violated that law with regards to payment of taxes. We know that the government is unceasing in its prosecution of such cases and we do not condone elitist exceptions such as been made for Mr. Geithner.

It has been suggested that his non-payment was a mistake. If this man is so stupid to have made this mistake given all the signed statements acknowledging the necessity of paying these taxes then he is NOT FIT for the position.

Either way, we find him unsuitable for the position.
This is the extent of Senator Warner's web site...

We might as well post this here as well, as it is likely the only place Senator Warner will ever see it.
We are OPPOSED to bailouts. We feel that giving OUR money to those who have not earned it is counterproductive. Rather we support tax cuts including an end to the inheritance/death taxes, a reduction in the capital gains tax rate and permanence of the so-called "Bush" tax cuts. We feel that instability in federal tax law is one of the most debilitating factors.

However, we would also like to see the government end its mandates of the insensible business practices such as the sub-prime loans.

Again, we are opposed to the $830B to $1Trillion "stimulus" package.

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  Rham Emmanuel Thumbs His Nose --- At What?
I sure would like to know the context of this photo.  My initial response is that such behavior at an inauguration is very off-putting.  I contrast this with the Bushes who are so very gracious even to those who've been rather vituperative.

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Tuesday, January 20, 2009
  The Coronation Speech
(by jcm @ http://littlegreenfootballs.com/showc/400/6559753 - with whom I agree 100%)

...seemed flat in both delivery, and content.

One line did piss me off big time. IMHO it clarifies for me that BHO does not like this country, the things it has accomplished, the things it stands for.

"We remain a young nation, but in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things."

Yes, we are a young nation in span of history. We however are not young in our government. Since our inception all other nations have changed their form of government, we are the longest standing form of government. Among governments we are the adults. We have set the mark and all other nations have in the last 200 years moved in our direction not the other way. In that time a competing way has arisen, Socialism - and Socialism has proven to be a bankrupt philosophy. The remainder of the Thugs left, paint their regimes with facade of what we established, holding faux elections.

Among deeds we have been the adults of the planet. Upholding liberty around the world time and again. Spending our blood, our treasure to secure the liberty of others. There is no more mature, adult, selfless deed than that.

What childish things would you have us put aside? Our Rights? Life? Liberty? Property? Happiness? Those are far from childish. We should never, by any means put away those things. Those where bought with blood are the most precious things and in no way childish.

Should we put away the free capitalist economy? The very thing that propelled us to our economy place in the world. That individuals are free to pursue their talents, dreams and abilities to the maximum extent. That these individuals take full responsibility and credit for there lives, failures, and success, that the product of their labor, toil and sweat is theirs and theirs alone. That is not childish.

Are you speaking of charity? No nation is more charitable than we, from blood spilled on foreign lands, to food and medicine sent to disaster areas no nation is more generous than we.

Calling our past childish is a deep insult to the founders, the generations that have upheld and fought for the ideals. It desecrates the blood of patriots who died to establish and protect his nation.

I find this line most telling on the inner thoughts of our President.

I find the line deeply disturbing.
--------------------------------------------------------
But not at all surprising. - OI


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  The Inauguration
It is done. President Barack Hussein Obama is fully invested with the power and responsibility as Chief Executive of the United States of America.

We pray that he will preserve and protect this union. We know that he will do what he thinks is right. But, we have little hope he will succeed. We don't see a change for the better.

In his inauguration speech, the President as much as said that we, as a nation, were thieves who stole the riches of the world. At the same time as he spoke words which said this was a great nation, he belittled that same nation, the one of which he is President. While his voice, his tone, his cadence, were calculated to inspire confidence and hope, his words promised change to a lesser life for all Americans.

While his campaign and his words are mostly calculated to ignore race, he refers to his apparent race and his new position. The news reporters constantly refer to his race. While Martin Luther King's dream of a time when people were judged by the content of their character and not the color of their skin has been realized, so many of "them" have not progressed to that point.

At least he sang the National Anthem today. May God give him the vision to see the right.

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Saturday, January 17, 2009
  What form of government do you want?
Watch this and tell me you want bailouts....



Hat tip to Xavier...

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  Is Obama making folks edgy?
I'd say so...



Barack is very disappointed with me!


I only scored 21 on the Obama Test





Any time people ridicule their "leader(s)" they are worried. I think you can see that we are not friends of what appear to be the pending presidential policies.

We oppose the "bailouts", we oppose the para-military police force, we oppose the appointment of cabinet members who can't obey the laws they will be responsible for enforcing, and we oppose "gun" control. Hence my score... Take the test yourself.

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  Chicagoland, USocA
Let's see if I've missed something...

We have a soon-to-be-sworn-in POTUS from the City of Chicago, Empire of Daley, who, in addition to using the old Illanoy "Pay to Play" procedure to pick Cabinet members, and picking a Tax Cheat for Secretary of Treasury, selected as his AG one each  pro-terrorist, Anti-Gunowner Eric Holder, who, besides donating the maximum possible personal contribution to the Obama Campaign, has done work for twice impeached Chicago (the rest of Illanoy is relatively unimportant to him) Governor "Hot Rod" Blagojevich, who, while under investigation for trying to sell Obama's Senate Seat to the highest bidder (who may or may not have been Jessie Jackson Junior) absurdly appoints a senile narcissist, Roland "Mausoleum" Burris to take the Seat, using convicted felon and "ex" domestic terrorist, South Side Congressman Bobby Rush to act as race baiter to help convince the Press that the Senate shouldn't "lynch" the tainted appointee while he simultaneously authors a scheme for Registering Gun Owners like sex offenders.

Meanwhile, back in the Daley Empire, cops with "semi-automatic weapons" (called "assault weapons" when held by non-cops... NewSpeak doncha know...) herd a trainload of unarmed Chicago Sheeple off a commuter train into freezing conditions and search them - without a warrant - because some ninny transit worker got scared that a Secret Service Agent asked about metal detectors, then got on board the train *with a gun* (horrors).

Maybe this kind of Chicago Mentality sheds some light on why the FBI implemented one of the most aggressive hiring initiatives in its 100-year history - announcing that it will launch a new 2009 initiative to hire a "blitz" of more than 2,100 staff positions and 850 special agents (with "semi-automatic weapons") to "protect" us from I don't know what... certainly not to protect us from the Felons and "ex" terrorists running
Washington DC at the behest of the new Chicago Crew.

Land of the Free, we hardly knew you.

Welcome to Power, Chicago.

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Thursday, January 15, 2009
  Culture of Corruption - Mayor Gary Becker of Racine, WI
Yet another member of Mayors Against Illegal Guns gets nabbed. Mayor Gary Becker was arrested in a "sex sting".
Authorities seeking felony charges against Mayor Gary Becker say the 51-year-old married father of two, who ran unopposed for re-election two years ago, used the Internet to try to arrange a sexual liaison with what he thought was a teen girl.

Taken into custody at Brookfield Square mall Tuesday evening, Becker became one of the more than 475 people arrested by the state's 10-year-old Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force.

By now, it is relatively widely known that investigators from the Division of Criminal Investigation pose as youths on the Internet, looking for adults who want to have sex with minors.

But according to a source familiar with the case, a criminal investigation of Becker was begun before Christmas after he brought a personal computer to City Hall and asked city workers to fix a problem with it.

Whatever the workers found was turned over to Racine police, who in turn passed it on to the state task force.
But of course, pedophiles are better people than gun owners. Guns should be outlawed, gun owners should be persecuted, and this fellow should be mayor and tell the rest of us what to do.

Thanks to David Hardy for this tip.

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  I am NOT a Sex Offender...
And I will NOT consent to being treated like one.

But that is exactly what “ex” Black Panther/Domestic Terrorist Bobby Rush ,US "Representative" of the South Side District of the Criminal Combine of Chicago, wants to do to America’s Gun Owners.

Not content to be a just convicted violent felon in Congress who was barred, by his own criminal actions, from legally owning firearms, he authored the new HR 45 for the One Party State in his ongoing attempt to make sure that only Criminals and Criminal Governments have access to firearms.

Cynically pitting Hunters with only “manual” arms, Shotguns &/or Muzzleloaders against other gun owners, HR 45 mandates that every owner of a handgun or magazine-fed semi-automatic rifle (like, say, an M1 Garand or Ruger 10/22) have a US Government Issued FOID-like “License” to purchase or possess such firearms.

In essence, and reality, this Chicago Mobster/Pal of the POTUS wants to register gun owners like they are Sex Offenders so they can be tracked and monitored for “continued aberrant behavior”.

If you think about any sort of “registration” at all, that is sole purpose – to let the Government find you whenever they want. 

Draft Registration, vehicle registration… whatever.  It’s all about being able to track you down... to come after honest citizens whenever they decide, for whatever reason.

But Gee.  I’ve always tried to avoid having Gangsters – government or otherwise – come after me.  Of course, sometimes they do anyway - but self defense is the main reason I own firearms… and the main reason (“ex”) Criminals like Bobby Rush don’t want me to have them. Bad for business.

The One Party Chicago Machine wants to treat gun owners like sex offenders… by registering them.

They aren't going to Register me. Not in this lifetime.

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Wednesday, January 14, 2009
  Christmas at Ground Zero
Ok, so I’ve been more than a bit remiss in my supposedly regular irregularity.  Sorry ‘bout that.  Seems that December took a bit more babysitting than usual.

But one confluence of events got both agitated and bloody… or rather, bloody, then agitated.

See, I do some volunteer work for a local Conservation District.  (Yes, I’m a bit “green” that way.)  Here where I live around the south shore of Lake Michigan there are simply too many deer and they are destroying both cars and habitat.  From the habitat side this is really getting to be a problem in some of those areas where we are attempting to reintroduce native species that have been nearly extirpated by both development and overgrazing by, you guessed it, deer.

But there is a problem… for some strange reason people get all hinky about shooting firearms in mostly (sub)urban areas, so the entire region between I-94 and Lake Michigan is restricted to Archery Only.  This tremendously reduces the Hunting Pressure and exacerbates the overbrowsing problem.

Enter the Volunteers.

As a Bowhunter, I was contacted by the property manager to help with Urban Deer Depredation and spent the better part of the month (when not working) in a tree, finally bringing down a late season Doe… effectively reducing 2009’s browse load by at least 2, maybe 3 deer.

Anyway, keeping a long story long, the issue of Urban Deer Depredation/Wildlife management came up in a discussion and, lo and behold the weirdos started crawling out from under their rocks.

We’ve all heard the Animal Rights Fanatic’s arguments before, and I won’t bore you with the inanity to which I was subjected.  But what was interesting/unique about this “discussion” with the screamers was the direction it took:  A self-professing “Goddess worshiping, Tree Hugging Liberal” publicly expressed outright Religious Intolerance and Opposition to my “alternative lifestyle” (of hunting/wildlife management).  

Many of us have long held that Ecoweenieisim has less to do with the Science of Environment or Ecological Diversity than it does Religious Looney Fanaticism worthy of Fred Phelps, but this was the first time one has ever actually made it so obvious. (FWIW she didn't even understand the tenets of her own Religion... Artemis/Diana was a HUNTRESS deiety as well as a bunny hugger...)

Of course, when I pointed her Phelpsian Ways out to her, her head exploded, but hey… I was already bloody and sometimes you've GOT to push the Big Red Button. ;-D
 
  Culture of Corruption - Treasury Secretary Nominee!
U.S. Treasury Secretary nominee Timothy Geithner failed to pay his taxes.  He possibly has an illegal alien working for him as a housekeeper for whom he has, again, failed to pay taxes.  He's apparently too good to have to adhere to the law but wants a job where he enforces the law.  Law that ruins people who made good faith efforts but failed to pay taxes when he, himself, willfully ignored the law and failed to pay taxes.  Being a member of the elite, he's been given a pass on penalties for this but has apparently paid the back taxes and interest.
President-elect Barack Obama's choice to run the Treasury Department and lead the nation's economic rescue disclosed publicly Tuesday that he failed to pay $34,000 in taxes from 2001 to 2004, a last-minute complication that Senate Democrats tried to brush aside as a minor bump on an otherwise smooth path to confirmation.

Timothy Geithner paid most of the past-due taxes days before Obama announced his choice in November, according to materials released by the Senate Finance Committee. He had paid the remainder of the taxes in 2006, after the IRS sent him a bill.
Is this the change we should expect from President Obama? No thank you. My senators are on notice that they best not vote for scofflaws. I bet they don't care...

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Sunday, January 11, 2009
  Culture of Corruption - Baltimore Mayor stole gift cards meant for the poor?
Mayor Sheila Dixon indicted Counts of perjury, theft, misconduct in office among 12-count indictment By Annie Linskey and Julie Bykowicz | annie.linskey@baltsun.com and julie.bykowicz@baltsun.com 9:01 PM EST, January 9, 2009

Baltimore Mayor Sheila A. Dixon was charged today with 12 counts of felony theft, perjury, fraud and misconduct in office, becoming the city's first sitting mayor to be criminally indicted.


The case stems in part from at least $15,348 in gifts Dixon allegedly received from her former boyfriend, prominent city developer Ronald H. Lipscomb, while she was City Council president. She also is accused of using as much as $3,400 in gift cards, some donated to her office for distribution to "needy families," to purchase Best Buy electronics and other items for herself and her staff.


Lipscomb was not indicted in the Dixon case, but he and City Councilwoman Helen L. Holton were charged this week in a separate $12,500 bribery scheme. Both cases grew out of a nearly three-year probe by the state prosecutor into City Hall corruption.


The investigation has hung over Dixon, a Democrat, even as she became the city's first female mayor and oversaw a significant decrease in the city's homicide rate, reducing killings to a 20-year low. Viewed as an energetic and charismatic leader, she has earned praise from residents for implementing an easy-to-use recycling program and displaying a willingness to tackle the city's systemic racial and economic disparities.


It is unclear what the indictment will mean for the mayor. She has pledged to remain focused on her job, and many local officials rallied behind her today. But even ceremonial events will take on new dimensions. Many wondered today, for example, whether Dixon will appear with president-elect Barack Obama next week when he makes a planned stop in the city.


At a news conference today at her attorney's office in Clipper Mill near Hampden, a composed Dixon said she was innocent.


"I will not let these charges deter me from keeping Baltimore on the path that we have set, or from carrying forward the significant progress we have made thus far," she said, reading a prepared statement. "I am being unfairly accused. Time will prove that I have done nothing wrong, and I am confident that I will be found innocent of these charges."


If convicted on all charges, the 55-year-old former teacher and mother of two could be sentenced to 85 years in prison. The most serious charges, two counts of felony theft, each carry a possible 15-year prison term.


Her attorney, Arnold M. Weiner, in a half-hour presentation carried live on local television and designed to win over the court of public opinion, accused those investigating the mayor of partisan motivations.


Weiner noted that State Prosecutor Robert A. Rohrbaugh and former U.S. Attorney Thomas M. DiBiagio, who investigated her earlier, were appointed by Republicans, and he accused Rohrbaugh of harboring an "obsession" in pursuing the mayor.


"There wasn't a bedsheet he did not look under or a lead he found too trivial to pursue personally," Weiner said.


The lawyer used courtroom exhibit-style poster boards to argue that Dixon did not perjure herself by failing to include the Lipscomb gifts on her city ethics forms, saying city code does not require disclosing gifts from subcontractors, such as Lipscomb.


Using a red pen, he pointed to a city code provision that requires the city's finance director to maintain a list of the companies doing business with the city. Weiner said that the city has not kept that list. Staff at the city's finance department could not be reached for comment by deadline.


Rohrbaugh declined to respond to questions, and prosecutors would not say whether their probe has ended. He said in a statement: "The public's trust in their elected officials is essential to the proper functioning of government."


The City Hall corruption probe dates to the fall of 2003, when federal authorities subpoenaed five years' worth of financial records from all City Council members. When that inquiry ended 18 months later with no charges filed, Weiner said, Rohrbaugh began an investigation of his own.


That state investigation eventually spanned as many as nine Baltimore grand juries. Weiner called it the longest and most expensive public corruption investigation he had ever seen.


In the end, a Baltimore Circuit Court grand jury that expired today returned a 31-page indictment of the mayor.


One theft charge involves misconduct in December 2007, when Dixon was mayor. According to the indictment, a Baltimore housing employee purchased Toys R Us gift cards to be distributed to underprivileged children during a holiday event. Dixon allegedly gave one of those gift cards to a member of her staff, and five others were discovered at her West Baltimore house when investigators raided it in June.


Among other accusations: In 2004, 2005 and 2006, Dixon solicited gift cards - to Target, Best Buy, Old Navy and Circuit City -- from two developers. She then used some of the cards to purchase a PlayStation2 controller, a PlayStation Portable, a Samsung digital camcorder and other items she either kept or gave to staff members as Christmas presents, the indictment said.


Neither developer is named, and the state prosecutor refers to them as Developer A and Developer B. Weiner identified Developer A as Lipscomb. Another part of the indictment covers lavish presents from Lipscomb, whom Dixon has said she dated briefly in late 2003 and early 2004. Those gifts include a $2,000 furrier certificate that she used to buy a Persian lamb coat and a "burnt umber mink coat"; $3,200 for a New York City trip that included a stay at the Trump International Hotel; a $1,518 plane ticket from Baltimore to Chicago; and thousands of dollars in cash to pay credit card bills amassed during a swanky Chicago shopping spree.
and there's MORE! Mayor Dixon is a Democrat...

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Saturday, January 10, 2009
  Calvin got it right

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Friday, January 09, 2009
  Big Hollywood
We've got an image of all the actors and actresses in Hollywood and those associated with Hollywood as liberal flakes (redundant, I know). Not true. There are libertarians and conservatives in the entertainment industries. Andrew Breitbart has given them a place to voice their views at Big Hollywood.

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Wednesday, January 07, 2009
  Stop Dangerous ID Rally
In support of legislation to stop the implementation of Dangerous ID, the so-called Real ID Act of 2005.

January 21, 2009, at 1:00 pm

Virginia State Capital Bell Tower
910 Capital Street
Richmond, VA 23114


At least two pieces of legislation are being introduced by Delegate Bob Marshall and Senator Ken Cuccinelli in the 2009 Session of the Virginia General Assembly to stop the implementation of the federal mandate to come into compliance with the Real ID Act by the beginning of next year.

Similar legislation went no where last year but lobbying efforts will gain momentum as grassroots organizations take the news of the bills to the districts across the state. We are certain to shake things up in local politics with upcoming state elections on the horizon.

Leaders of the opposition consider the "REAL ID Act of 2005" to be a bad law passed under false pretenses. It was rejected three separate times by the U.S. Senate, and was only passed because it was buried in a larger bill containing disaster relief and funding for Iraq military operations. The Senate didn't want it, and the American people don't want it either. But the majority leadership in Congress imposed it on us, and so now we have to fight to get it stopped in Virginia.

Opponents fear the creation of a centralized federal database containing personal information about all Americans. Decisions about the exact nature and scope of this program will be made by Homeland Security bureaucrats in the Executive Branch. It seems inevitable that biometric information and electronic tracking tags will be included at some point. No one intends a bad use for this system today, but it is inevitable that it will be used in bad ways in the future.

There are valid concerns with regard to security of the citizen’s personal information due to the number of databases that would be storing personal information by the federal government and shared between the states across the country as part of standard procedure within Motor Vehicle Administrations in the states, and as enabled by the American Association of Motor Vehicle administrators. Neither the Federal Government nor the states can control access, which under International law includes data sharing even with Canada and Mexico. No one can know who is getting into those data bases and for what purpose.

According to the DHS, "Real ID is a nationwide effort intended to prevent terrorism, reduce fraud, and improve the reliability and accuracy of identification documents that State governments issue." Yet it does nothing to prevent terrorists and other criminals from fraudulently obtaining a "Real ID" by forging the required documents. In fact, with multiple on-line, federated databases shared across multiple organizations and federal and state agencies, it will become much easier.

Many good arguments can be made against this Dangerous ID, but they all reduce to one overpowering truth. The more information government has the less it seems to know. The more power government has the less it seems able to accomplish. Big Government doesn't work. The federal government needs to do less in order to accomplish more. Small government is focused government. We need smaller government, not a massive new federal identification system.

Please plan to attend and tell your Virginia legislators to stand up to Congress and Homeland Security to keep federal bureaucrats from hijacking your state driver’s license for their national citizen control scheme. Your participation is vital to the success in getting legislation passed to nix the federal invasion of our 4th and 10th amendment rights.

www.valibertydefense.org

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  Lautenberg Act...
The definitions of the applicable terms (that applying to this discussion is presented in bold type) are in Section 922 of title 18, United States Code
§ 921. Definitions
(a) As used in this chapter—
(1) The term “person” and the term “whoever” include any individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, or joint stock company.
(2) The term “interstate or foreign commerce” includes commerce between any place in a State and any place outside of that State, or within any possession of the United States (not including the Canal Zone) or the District of Columbia, but such term does not include commerce between places within the same State but through any place outside of that State. The term “State” includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the possessions of the United States (not including the Canal Zone).
(3) The term “firearm” means
(A) any weapon (including a starter gun) which will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive;
(B) the frame or receiver of any such weapon;
(C) any firearm muffler or firearm silencer; or
(D) any destructive device. Such term does not include an antique firearm.
(4) The term “destructive device” means—
(A) any explosive, incendiary, or poison gas—
(i) bomb,
(ii) grenade,
(iii) rocket having a propellant charge of more than four ounces,
(iv) missile having an explosive or incendiary charge of more than one-quarter ounce,
(v) mine, or
(vi) device similar to any of the devices described in the preceding clauses;
(B) any type of weapon (other than a shotgun or a shotgun shell which the Attorney General finds is generally recognized as particularly suitable for sporting purposes) by whatever name known which will, or which may be readily converted to, expel a projectile by the action of an explosive or other propellant, and which has any barrel with a bore of more than one-half inch in diameter; and
(C) any combination of parts either designed or intended for use in converting any device into any destructive device described in subparagraph (A) or (B) and from which a destructive device may be readily assembled.
The term “destructive device” shall not include any device which is neither designed nor redesigned for use as a weapon; any device, although originally designed for use as a weapon, which is redesigned for use as a signaling, pyrotechnic, line throwing, safety, or similar device; surplus ordnance sold, loaned, or given by the Secretary of the Army pursuant to the provisions of section 4684 (2), 4685, or 4686 of title 10; or any other device which the Attorney General finds is not likely to be used as a weapon, is an antique, or is a rifle which the owner intends to use solely for sporting, recreational or cultural purposes.
(5) The term “shotgun” means a weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of an explosive to fire through a smooth bore either a number of ball shot or a single projectile for each single pull of the trigger.
(6) The term “short-barreled shotgun” means a shotgun having one or more barrels less than eighteen inches in length and any weapon made from a shotgun (whether by alteration, modification or otherwise) if such a weapon as modified has an overall length of less than twenty-six inches.
(7) The term “rifle” means a weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of an explosive to fire only a single projectile through a rifled bore for each single pull of the trigger.
(8) The term “short-barreled rifle” means a rifle having one or more barrels less than sixteen inches in length and any weapon made from a rifle (whether by alteration, modification, or otherwise) if such weapon, as modified, has an overall length of less than twenty-six inches.
(9) The term “importer” means any person engaged in the business of importing or bringing firearms or ammunition into the United States for purposes of sale or distribution; and the term “licensed importer” means any such person licensed under the provisions of this chapter.
(10) The term “manufacturer” means any person engaged in the business of manufacturing firearms or ammunition for purposes of sale or distribution; and the term “licensed manufacturer” means any such person licensed under the provisions of this chapter.
(11) The term “dealer” means
(A) any person engaged in the business of selling firearms at wholesale or retail,
(B) any person engaged in the business of repairing firearms or of making or fitting special barrels, stocks, or trigger mechanisms to firearms, or
(C) any person who is a pawnbroker. The term “licensed dealer” means any dealer who is licensed under the provisions of this chapter.
(12) The term “pawnbroker” means any person whose business or occupation includes the taking or receiving, by way of pledge or pawn, of any firearm as security for the payment or repayment of money.
(13) The term “collector” means any person who acquires, holds, or disposes of firearms as curios or relics, as the Attorney General shall by regulation define, and the term “licensed collector” means any such person licensed under the provisions of this chapter.
(14) The term “indictment” includes an indictment or information in any court under which a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year may be prosecuted.
(15) The term “fugitive from justice” means any person who has fled from any State to avoid prosecution for a crime or to avoid giving testimony in any criminal proceeding.
(16) The term “antique firearm” means—
(A) any firearm (including any firearm with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system) manufactured in or before 1898; or
(B) any replica of any firearm described in subparagraph (A) if such replica—
(i) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition, or
(ii) uses rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the United States and which is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade; or
(C) any muzzle loading rifle, muzzle loading shotgun, or muzzle loading pistol, which is designed to use black powder, or a black powder substitute, and which cannot use fixed ammunition. For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “antique firearm” shall not include any weapon which incorporates a firearm frame or receiver, any firearm which is converted into a muzzle loading weapon, or any muzzle loading weapon which can be readily converted to fire fixed ammunition by replacing the barrel, bolt, breechblock, or any combination thereof.
(17)
(A) The term “ammunition” means ammunition or cartridge cases, primers, bullets, or propellent powder designed for use in any firearm.
(B) The term “armor piercing ammunition” means—
(i) a projectile or projectile core which may be used in a handgun and which is constructed entirely (excluding the presence of traces of other substances) from one or a combination of tungsten alloys, steel, iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or depleted uranium; or
(ii) a full jacketed projectile larger than .22 caliber designed and intended for use in a handgun and whose jacket has a weight of more than 25 percent of the total weight of the projectile.
(C) The term “armor piercing ammunition” does not include shotgun shot required by Federal or State environmental or game regulations for hunting purposes, a frangible projectile designed for target shooting, a projectile which the Attorney General finds is primarily intended to be used for sporting purposes, or any other projectile or projectile core which the Attorney General finds is intended to be used for industrial purposes, including a charge used in an oil and gas well perforating device.
(18) The term “Attorney General” means the Attorney General of the United States [1]
(19) The term “published ordinance” means a published law of any political subdivision of a State which the Attorney General determines to be relevant to the enforcement of this chapter and which is contained on a list compiled by the Attorney General, which list shall be published in the Federal Register, revised annually, and furnished to each licensee under this chapter.
(20) The term “crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year” does not include—
(A) any Federal or State offenses pertaining to antitrust violations, unfair trade practices, restraints of trade, or other similar offenses relating to the regulation of business practices, or
(B) any State offense classified by the laws of the State as a misdemeanor and punishable by a term of imprisonment of two years or less.
What constitutes a conviction of such a crime shall be determined in accordance with the law of the jurisdiction in which the proceedings were held. Any conviction which has been expunged, or set aside or for which a person has been pardoned or has had civil rights restored shall not be considered a conviction for purposes of this chapter, unless such pardon, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or receive firearms.
(21) The term “engaged in the business” means—
(A) as applied to a manufacturer of firearms, a person who devotes time, attention, and labor to manufacturing firearms as a regular course of trade or business with the principal objective of livelihood and profit through the sale or distribution of the firearms manufactured;
(B) as applied to a manufacturer of ammunition, a person who devotes time, attention, and labor to manufacturing ammunition as a regular course of trade or business with the principal objective of livelihood and profit through the sale or distribution of the ammunition manufactured;
(C) as applied to a dealer in firearms, as defined in section 921 (a)(11)(A), a person who devotes time, attention, and labor to dealing in firearms as a regular course of trade or business with the principal objective of livelihood and profit through the repetitive purchase and resale of firearms, but such term shall not include a person who makes occasional sales, exchanges, or purchases of firearms for the enhancement of a personal collection or for a hobby, or who sells all or part of his personal collection of firearms;
(D) as applied to a dealer in firearms, as defined in section 921 (a)(11)(B), a person who devotes time, attention, and labor to engaging in such activity as a regular course of trade or business with the principal objective of livelihood and profit, but such term shall not include a person who makes occasional repairs of firearms, or who occasionally fits special barrels, stocks, or trigger mechanisms to firearms;
(E) as applied to an importer of firearms, a person who devotes time, attention, and labor to importing firearms as a regular course of trade or business with the principal objective of livelihood and profit through the sale or distribution of the firearms imported; and
(F) as applied to an importer of ammunition, a person who devotes time, attention, and labor to importing ammunition as a regular course of trade or business with the principal objective of livelihood and profit through the sale or distribution of the ammunition imported.
(22) The term “with the principal objective of livelihood and profit” means that the intent underlying the sale or disposition of firearms is predominantly one of obtaining livelihood and pecuniary gain, as opposed to other intents, such as improving or liquidating a personal firearms collection: Provided, That proof of profit shall not be required as to a person who engages in the regular and repetitive purchase and disposition of firearms for criminal purposes or terrorism. For purposes of this paragraph, the term “terrorism” means activity, directed against United States persons, which—
(A) is committed by an individual who is not a national or permanent resident alien of the United States;
(B) involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life which would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States; and
(C) is intended—
(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping.
(23) The term “machinegun” has the meaning given such term in section 5845(b) of the National Firearms Act (26 U.S.C. 5845 (b)).
(24) The terms “firearm silencer” and “firearm muffler” mean any device for silencing, muffling, or diminishing the report of a portable firearm, including any combination of parts, designed or redesigned, and intended for use in assembling or fabricating a firearm silencer or firearm muffler, and any part intended only for use in such assembly or fabrication.
(25) The term “school zone” means—
(A) in, or on the grounds of, a public, parochial or private school; or
(B) within a distance of 1,000 feet from the grounds of a public, parochial or private school.
(26) The term “school” means a school which provides elementary or secondary education, as determined under State law.
(27) The term “motor vehicle” has the meaning given such term in section 13102 of title 49, United States Code.
(28) The term “semiautomatic rifle” means any repeating rifle which utilizes a portion of the energy of a firing cartridge to extract the fired cartridge case and chamber the next round, and which requires a separate pull of the trigger to fire each cartridge.
(29) The term “handgun” means—
(A) a firearm which has a short stock and is designed to be held and fired by the use of a single hand; and
(B) any combination of parts from which a firearm described in subparagraph (A) can be assembled.
[(30) , (31) Repealed. Pub. L. 103–322, title XI, § 110105(2), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2000.]
(32) The term “intimate partner” means, with respect to a person, the spouse of the person, a former spouse of the person, an individual who is a parent of a child of the person, and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with the person.
(33)
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (C),[2] the term “misdemeanor crime of domestic violence” means an offense that—
(i) is a misdemeanor under Federal, State, or Tribal [3] law; and
(ii) has, as an element, the use or attempted use of physical force, or the threatened use of a deadly weapon, committed by a current or former spouse, parent, or guardian of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim as a spouse, parent, or guardian, or by a person similarly situated to a spouse, parent, or guardian of the victim.
(B)
(i) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted of such an offense for purposes of this chapter, unless—
(I) the person was represented by counsel in the case, or knowingly and intelligently waived the right to counsel in the case; and
(II) in the case of a prosecution for an offense described in this paragraph for which a person was entitled to a jury trial in the jurisdiction in which the case was tried, either
(aa) the case was tried by a jury, or
(bb) the person knowingly and intelligently waived the right to have the case tried by a jury, by guilty plea or otherwise.
(ii) A person shall not be considered to have been convicted of such an offense for purposes of this chapter if the conviction has been expunged or set aside, or is an offense for which the person has been pardoned or has had civil rights restored (if the law of the applicable jurisdiction provides for the loss of civil rights under such an offense) unless the pardon, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or receive firearms.

(34) The term “secure gun storage or safety device” means—
(A) a device that, when installed on a firearm, is designed to prevent the firearm from being operated without first deactivating the device;
(B) a device incorporated into the design of the firearm that is designed to prevent the operation of the firearm by anyone not having access to the device; or
(C) a safe, gun safe, gun case, lock box, or other device that is designed to be or can be used to store a firearm and that is designed to be unlocked only by means of a key, a combination, or other similar means.
(35) The term “body armor” means any product sold or offered for sale, in interstate or foreign commerce, as personal protective body covering intended to protect against gunfire, regardless of whether the product is to be worn alone or is sold as a complement to another product or garment.
(b) For the purposes of this chapter, a member of the Armed Forces on active duty is a resident of the State in which his permanent duty station is located.

[1] So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.

[2] So in original. No subparagraph (C) has been enacted.

[3] So in original. Probably should not be capitalized.
and the unlawful acts are spelled out in Section 922 of title 18, United States Code
§ 922. Unlawful acts
How Current is This?
(a) It shall be unlawful—
(1) for any person—
(A) except a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer, to engage in the business of importing, manufacturing, or dealing in firearms, or in the course of such business to ship, transport, or receive any firearm in interstate or foreign commerce; or
(B) except a licensed importer or licensed manufacturer, to engage in the business of importing or manufacturing ammunition, or in the course of such business, to ship, transport, or receive any ammunition in interstate or foreign commerce;
(2) for any importer, manufacturer, dealer, or collector licensed under the provisions of this chapter to ship or transport in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm to any person other than a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector, except that—
(A) this paragraph and subsection (b)(3) shall not be held to preclude a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector from returning a firearm or replacement firearm of the same kind and type to a person from whom it was received; and this paragraph shall not be held to preclude an individual from mailing a firearm owned in compliance with Federal, State, and local law to a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector;
(B) this paragraph shall not be held to preclude a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer from depositing a firearm for conveyance in the mails to any officer, employee, agent, or watchman who, pursuant to the provisions of section 1715 of this title, is eligible to receive through the mails pistols, revolvers, and other firearms capable of being concealed on the person, for use in connection with his official duty; and
(C) nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as applying in any manner in the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United States differently than it would apply if the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the possession were in fact a State of the United States;
(3) for any person, other than a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector to transport into or receive in the State where he resides (or if the person is a corporation or other business entity, the State where it maintains a place of business) any firearm purchased or otherwise obtained by such person outside that State, except that this paragraph (A) shall not preclude any person who lawfully acquires a firearm by bequest or intestate succession in a State other than his State of residence from transporting the firearm into or receiving it in that State, if it is lawful for such person to purchase or possess such firearm in that State, (B) shall not apply to the transportation or receipt of a firearm obtained in conformity with subsection (b)(3) of this section, and (C) shall not apply to the transportation of any firearm acquired in any State prior to the effective date of this chapter;
(4) for any person, other than a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector, to transport in interstate or foreign commerce any destructive device, machinegun (as defined in section 5845 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), short-barreled shotgun, or short-barreled rifle, except as specifically authorized by the Attorney General consistent with public safety and necessity;
(5) for any person (other than a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector) to transfer, sell, trade, give, transport, or deliver any firearm to any person (other than a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector) who the transferor knows or has reasonable cause to believe does not reside in (or if the person is a corporation or other business entity, does not maintain a place of business in) the State in which the transferor resides; except that this paragraph shall not apply to
(A) the transfer, transportation, or delivery of a firearm made to carry out a bequest of a firearm to, or an acquisition by intestate succession of a firearm by, a person who is permitted to acquire or possess a firearm under the laws of the State of his residence, and
(B) the loan or rental of a firearm to any person for temporary use for lawful sporting purposes;
(6) for any person in connection with the acquisition or attempted acquisition of any firearm or ammunition from a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector, knowingly to make any false or fictitious oral or written statement or to furnish or exhibit any false, fictitious, or misrepresented identification, intended or likely to deceive such importer, manufacturer, dealer, or collector with respect to any fact material to the lawfulness of the sale or other disposition of such firearm or ammunition under the provisions of this chapter;
(7) for any person to manufacture or import armor piercing ammunition, unless—
(A) the manufacture of such ammunition is for the use of the United States, any department or agency of the United States, any State, or any department, agency, or political subdivision of a State;
(B) the manufacture of such ammunition is for the purpose of exportation; or
(C) the manufacture or importation of such ammunition is for the purpose of testing or experimentation and has been authorized by the Attorney General;
(8) for any manufacturer or importer to sell or deliver armor piercing ammunition, unless such sale or delivery—
(A) is for the use of the United States, any department or agency of the United States, any State, or any department, agency, or political subdivision of a State;
(B) is for the purpose of exportation; or
(C) is for the purpose of testing or experimentation and has been authorized by the Attorney General; [1]
(9) for any person, other than a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector, who does not reside in any State to receive any firearms unless such receipt is for lawful sporting purposes.
(b) It shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector to sell or deliver—
(1) any firearm or ammunition to any individual who the licensee knows or has reasonable cause to believe is less than eighteen years of age, and, if the firearm, or ammunition is other than a shotgun or rifle, or ammunition for a shotgun or rifle, to any individual who the licensee knows or has reasonable cause to believe is less than twenty-one years of age;
(2) any firearm to any person in any State where the purchase or possession by such person of such firearm would be in violation of any State law or any published ordinance applicable at the place of sale, delivery or other disposition, unless the licensee knows or has reasonable cause to believe that the purchase or possession would not be in violation of such State law or such published ordinance;
(3) any firearm to any person who the licensee knows or has reasonable cause to believe does not reside in (or if the person is a corporation or other business entity, does not maintain a place of business in) the State in which the licensee’s place of business is located, except that this paragraph (A) shall not apply to the sale or delivery of any rifle or shotgun to a resident of a State other than a State in which the licensee’s place of business is located if the transferee meets in person with the transferor to accomplish the transfer, and the sale, delivery, and receipt fully comply with the legal conditions of sale in both such States (and any licensed manufacturer, importer or dealer shall be presumed, for purposes of this subparagraph, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to have had actual knowledge of the State laws and published ordinances of both States), and (B) shall not apply to the loan or rental of a firearm to any person for temporary use for lawful sporting purposes;
(4) to any person any destructive device, machinegun (as defined in section 5845 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986), short-barreled shotgun, or short-barreled rifle, except as specifically authorized by the Attorney General consistent with public safety and necessity; and
(5) any firearm or armor-piercing ammunition to any person unless the licensee notes in his records, required to be kept pursuant to section 923 of this chapter, the name, age, and place of residence of such person if the person is an individual, or the identity and principal and local places of business of such person if the person is a corporation or other business entity.
Paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of this subsection shall not apply to transactions between licensed importers, licensed manufacturers, licensed dealers, and licensed collectors. Paragraph (4) of this subsection shall not apply to a sale or delivery to any research organization designated by the Attorney General.
(c) In any case not otherwise prohibited by this chapter, a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer may sell a firearm to a person who does not appear in person at the licensee’s business premises (other than another licensed importer, manufacturer, or dealer) only if—
(1) the transferee submits to the transferor a sworn statement in the following form:
“Subject to penalties provided by law, I swear that, in the case of any firearm other than a shotgun or a rifle, I am twenty-one years or more of age, or that, in the case of a shotgun or a rifle, I am eighteen years or more of age; that I am not prohibited by the provisions of chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, from receiving a firearm in interstate or foreign commerce; and that my receipt of this firearm will not be in violation of any statute of the State and published ordinance applicable to the locality in which I reside. Further, the true title, name, and address of the principal law enforcement officer of the locality to which the firearm will be delivered are XXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Signature XXXXXXXXX Date XXXX.”
and containing blank spaces for the attachment of a true copy of any permit or other information required pursuant to such statute or published ordinance;
(2) the transferor has, prior to the shipment or delivery of the firearm, forwarded by registered or certified mail (return receipt requested) a copy of the sworn statement, together with a description of the firearm, in a form prescribed by the Attorney General, to the chief law enforcement officer of the transferee’s place of residence, and has received a return receipt evidencing delivery of the statement or has had the statement returned due to the refusal of the named addressee to accept such letter in accordance with United States Post Office Department regulations; and
(3) the transferor has delayed shipment or delivery for a period of at least seven days following receipt of the notification of the acceptance or refusal of delivery of the statement.
A copy of the sworn statement and a copy of the notification to the local law enforcement officer, together with evidence of receipt or rejection of that notification shall be retained by the licensee as a part of the records required to be kept under section 923 (g).
(d) It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or otherwise dispose of any firearm or ammunition to any person knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that such person—
(1) is under indictment for, or has been convicted in any court of, a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year;
(2) is a fugitive from justice;
(3) is an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802));
(4) has been adjudicated as a mental defective or has been committed to any mental institution;
(5) who, being an alien—
(A) is illegally or unlawfully in the United States; or
(B) except as provided in subsection (y)(2), has been admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa (as that term is defined in section 101(a)(26) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(26)));
(6) who [2] has been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions;
(7) who, having been a citizen of the United States, has renounced his citizenship;
(8) is subject to a court order that restrains such person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of such person or child of such intimate partner or person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child, except that this paragraph shall only apply to a court order that—
(A) was issued after a hearing of which such person received actual notice, and at which such person had the opportunity to participate; and
(B)
(i) includes a finding that such person represents a credible threat to the physical safety of such intimate partner or child; or
(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against such intimate partner or child that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily injury; or
(9) has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.
This subsection shall not apply with respect to the sale or disposition of a firearm or ammunition to a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector who pursuant to subsection (b) of section 925 of this chapter is not precluded from dealing in firearms or ammunition, or to a person who has been granted relief from disabilities pursuant to subsection (c) of section 925 of this chapter.
(e) It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to deliver or cause to be delivered to any common or contract carrier for transportation or shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, to persons other than licensed importers, licensed manufacturers, licensed dealers, or licensed collectors, any package or other container in which there is any firearm or ammunition without written notice to the carrier that such firearm or ammunition is being transported or shipped; except that any passenger who owns or legally possesses a firearm or ammunition being transported aboard any common or contract carrier for movement with the passenger in interstate or foreign commerce may deliver said firearm or ammunition into the custody of the pilot, captain, conductor or operator of such common or contract carrier for the duration of the trip without violating any of the provisions of this chapter. No common or contract carrier shall require or cause any label, tag, or other written notice to be placed on the outside of any package, luggage, or other container that such package, luggage, or other container contains a firearm.
(f)
(1) It shall be unlawful for any common or contract carrier to transport or deliver in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm or ammunition with knowledge or reasonable cause to believe that the shipment, transportation, or receipt thereof would be in violation of the provisions of this chapter.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any common or contract carrier to deliver in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm without obtaining written acknowledgement of receipt from the recipient of the package or other container in which there is a firearm.
(g) It shall be unlawful for any person—
(1) who has been convicted in any court of, a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year;
(2) who is a fugitive from justice;
(3) who is an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802));
(4) who has been adjudicated as a mental defective or who has been committed to a mental institution;
(5) who, being an alien—
(A) is illegally or unlawfully in the United States; or
(B) except as provided in subsection (y)(2), has been admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa (as that term is defined in section 101(a)(26) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(26)));
(6) who has been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions;
(7) who, having been a citizen of the United States, has renounced his citizenship;
(8) who is subject to a court order that—
(A) was issued after a hearing of which such person received actual notice, and at which such person had an opportunity to participate;
(B) restrains such person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of such person or child of such intimate partner or person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child; and
(C)
(i) includes a finding that such person represents a credible threat to the physical safety of such intimate partner or child; or
(ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against such intimate partner or child that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily injury; or
(9) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence,
to ship or transport in interstate or foreign commerce, or possess in or affecting commerce, any firearm or ammunition; or to receive any firearm or ammunition which has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
(h) It shall be unlawful for any individual, who to that individual’s knowledge and while being employed for any person described in any paragraph of subsection (g) of this section, in the course of such employment—
(1) to receive, possess, or transport any firearm or ammunition in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce; or
(2) to receive any firearm or ammunition which has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
(i) It shall be unlawful for any person to transport or ship in interstate or foreign commerce, any stolen firearm or stolen ammunition, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the firearm or ammunition was stolen.
(j) It shall be unlawful for any person to receive, possess, conceal, store, barter, sell, or dispose of any stolen firearm or stolen ammunition, or pledge or accept as security for a loan any stolen firearm or stolen ammunition, which is moving as, which is a part of, which constitutes, or which has been shipped or transported in, interstate or foreign commerce, either before or after it was stolen, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the firearm or ammunition was stolen.
(k) It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to transport, ship, or receive, in interstate or foreign commerce, any firearm which has had the importer’s or manufacturer’s serial number removed, obliterated, or altered or to possess or receive any firearm which has had the importer’s or manufacturer’s serial number removed, obliterated, or altered and has, at any time, been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
(l) Except as provided in section 925 (d) of this chapter, it shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to import or bring into the United States or any possession thereof any firearm or ammunition; and it shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to receive any firearm or ammunition which has been imported or brought into the United States or any possession thereof in violation of the provisions of this chapter.
(m) It shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector knowingly to make any false entry in, to fail to make appropriate entry in, or to fail to properly maintain, any record which he is required to keep pursuant to section 923 of this chapter or regulations promulgated thereunder.
(n) It shall be unlawful for any person who is under indictment for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year to ship or transport in interstate or foreign commerce any firearm or ammunition or receive any firearm or ammunition which has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
(o)
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), it shall be unlawful for any person to transfer or possess a machinegun.
(2) This subsection does not apply with respect to—
(A) a transfer to or by, or possession by or under the authority of, the United States or any department or agency thereof or a State, or a department, agency, or political subdivision thereof; or
(B) any lawful transfer or lawful possession of a machinegun that was lawfully possessed before the date this subsection takes effect.
(p)
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture, import, sell, ship, deliver, possess, transfer, or receive any firearm—
(A) that, after removal of grips, stocks, and magazines, is not as detectable as the Security Exemplar, by walk-through metal detectors calibrated and operated to detect the Security Exemplar; or
(B) any major component of which, when subjected to inspection by the types of x-ray machines commonly used at airports, does not generate an image that accurately depicts the shape of the component. Barium sulfate or other compounds may be used in the fabrication of the component.
(2) For purposes of this subsection—
(A) the term “firearm” does not include the frame or receiver of any such weapon;
(B) the term “major component” means, with respect to a firearm, the barrel, the slide or cylinder, or the frame or receiver of the firearm; and
(C) the term “Security Exemplar” means an object, to be fabricated at the direction of the Attorney General, that is—
(i) constructed of, during the 12-month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this subsection, 3.7 ounces of material type 17–4 PH stainless steel in a shape resembling a handgun; and
(ii) suitable for testing and calibrating metal detectors:
Provided, however, That at the close of such 12-month period, and at appropriate times thereafter the Attorney General shall promulgate regulations to permit the manufacture, importation, sale, shipment, delivery, possession, transfer, or receipt of firearms previously prohibited under this subparagraph that are as detectable as a “Security Exemplar” which contains 3.7 ounces of material type 17–4 PH stainless steel, in a shape resembling a handgun, or such lesser amount as is detectable in view of advances in state-of-the-art developments in weapons detection technology.
(3) Under such rules and regulations as the Attorney General shall prescribe, this subsection shall not apply to the manufacture, possession, transfer, receipt, shipment, or delivery of a firearm by a licensed manufacturer or any person acting pursuant to a contract with a licensed manufacturer, for the purpose of examining and testing such firearm to determine whether paragraph (1) applies to such firearm. The Attorney General shall ensure that rules and regulations adopted pursuant to this paragraph do not impair the manufacture of prototype firearms or the development of new technology.
(4) The Attorney General shall permit the conditional importation of a firearm by a licensed importer or licensed manufacturer, for examination and testing to determine whether or not the unconditional importation of such firearm would violate this subsection.
(5) This subsection shall not apply to any firearm which—
(A) has been certified by the Secretary of Defense or the Director of Central Intelligence, after consultation with the Attorney General and the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, as necessary for military or intelligence applications; and
(B) is manufactured for and sold exclusively to military or intelligence agencies of the United States.
(6) This subsection shall not apply with respect to any firearm manufactured in, imported into, or possessed in the United States before the date of the enactment of the Undetectable Firearms Act of 1988.
(q)
(1) The Congress finds and declares that—
(A) crime, particularly crime involving drugs and guns, is a pervasive, nationwide problem;
(B) crime at the local level is exacerbated by the interstate movement of drugs, guns, and criminal gangs;
(C) firearms and ammunition move easily in interstate commerce and have been found in increasing numbers in and around schools, as documented in numerous hearings in both the Committee on the Judiciary [3] the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
(D) in fact, even before the sale of a firearm, the gun, its component parts, ammunition, and the raw materials from which they are made have considerably moved in interstate commerce;
(E) while criminals freely move from State to State, ordinary citizens and foreign visitors may fear to travel to or through certain parts of the country due to concern about violent crime and gun violence, and parents may decline to send their children to school for the same reason;
(F) the occurrence of violent crime in school zones has resulted in a decline in the quality of education in our country;
(G) this decline in the quality of education has an adverse impact on interstate commerce and the foreign commerce of the United States;
(H) States, localities, and school systems find it almost impossible to handle gun-related crime by themselves—even States, localities, and school systems that have made strong efforts to prevent, detect, and punish gun-related crime find their efforts unavailing due in part to the failure or inability of other States or localities to take strong measures; and
(I) the Congress has the power, under the interstate commerce clause and other provisions of the Constitution, to enact measures to ensure the integrity and safety of the Nation’s schools by enactment of this subsection.
(2)
(A) It shall be unlawful for any individual knowingly to possess a firearm that has moved in or that otherwise affects interstate or foreign commerce at a place that the individual knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is a school zone.
(B) Subparagraph (A) does not apply to the possession of a firearm—
(i) on private property not part of school grounds;
(ii) if the individual possessing the firearm is licensed to do so by the State in which the school zone is located or a political subdivision of the State, and the law of the State or political subdivision requires that, before an individual obtains such a license, the law enforcement authorities of the State or political subdivision verify that the individual is qualified under law to receive the license;
(iii) that is—
(I) not loaded; and
(II) in a locked container, or a locked firearms rack that is on a motor vehicle;
(iv) by an individual for use in a program approved by a school in the school zone;
(v) by an individual in accordance with a contract entered into between a school in the school zone and the individual or an employer of the individual;
(vi) by a law enforcement officer acting in his or her official capacity; or
(vii) that is unloaded and is possessed by an individual while traversing school premises for the purpose of gaining access to public or private lands open to hunting, if the entry on school premises is authorized by school authorities.
(3)
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), it shall be unlawful for any person, knowingly or with reckless disregard for the safety of another, to discharge or attempt to discharge a firearm that has moved in or that otherwise affects interstate or foreign commerce at a place that the person knows is a school zone.
(B) Subparagraph (A) does not apply to the discharge of a firearm—
(i) on private property not part of school grounds;
(ii) as part of a program approved by a school in the school zone, by an individual who is participating in the program;
(iii) by an individual in accordance with a contract entered into between a school in a school zone and the individual or an employer of the individual; or
(iv) by a law enforcement officer acting in his or her official capacity.
(4) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as preempting or preventing a State or local government from enacting a statute establishing gun free school zones as provided in this subsection.
(r) It shall be unlawful for any person to assemble from imported parts any semiautomatic rifle or any shotgun which is identical to any rifle or shotgun prohibited from importation under section 925 (d)(3) of this chapter as not being particularly suitable for or readily adaptable to sporting purposes except that this subsection shall not apply to—
(1) the assembly of any such rifle or shotgun for sale or distribution by a licensed manufacturer to the United States or any department or agency thereof or to any State or any department, agency, or political subdivision thereof; or
(2) the assembly of any such rifle or shotgun for the purposes of testing or experimentation authorized by the Attorney General.
(s)
(1) Beginning on the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of this subsection and ending on the day before the date that is 60 months after such date of enactment, it shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer to sell, deliver, or transfer a handgun (other than the return of a handgun to the person from whom it was received) to an individual who is not licensed under section 923, unless—
(A) after the most recent proposal of such transfer by the transferee—
(i) the transferor has—
(I) received from the transferee a statement of the transferee containing the information described in paragraph (3);
(II) verified the identity of the transferee by examining the identification document presented;
(III) within 1 day after the transferee furnishes the statement, provided notice of the contents of the statement to the chief law enforcement officer of the place of residence of the transferee; and
(IV) within 1 day after the transferee furnishes the statement, transmitted a copy of the statement to the chief law enforcement officer of the place of residence of the transferee; and
(ii)
(I) 5 business days (meaning days on which State offices are open) have elapsed from the date the transferor furnished notice of the contents of the statement to the chief law enforcement officer, during which period the transferor has not received information from the chief law enforcement officer that receipt or possession of the handgun by the transferee would be in violation of Federal, State, or local law; or
(II) the transferor has received notice from the chief law enforcement officer that the officer has no information indicating that receipt or possession of the handgun by the transferee would violate Federal, State, or local law;
(B) the transferee has presented to the transferor a written statement, issued by the chief law enforcement officer of the place of residence of the transferee during the 10-day period ending on the date of the most recent proposal of such transfer by the transferee, stating that the transferee requires access to a handgun because of a threat to the life of the transferee or of any member of the household of the transferee;
(C)
(i) the transferee has presented to the transferor a permit that—
(I) allows the transferee to possess or acquire a handgun; and
(II) was issued not more than 5 years earlier by the State in which the transfer is to take place; and
(ii) the law of the State provides that such a permit is to be issued only after an authorized government official has verified that the information available to such official does not indicate that possession of a handgun by the transferee would be in violation of the law;
(D) the law of the State requires that, before any licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer completes the transfer of a handgun to an individual who is not licensed under section 923, an authorized government official verify that the information available to such official does not indicate that possession of a handgun by the transferee would be in violation of law;
(E) the Attorney General has approved the transfer under section 5812 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or
(F) on application of the transferor, the Attorney General has certified that compliance with subparagraph (A)(i)(III) is impracticable because—
(i) the ratio of the number of law enforcement officers of the State in which the transfer is to occur to the number of square miles of land area of the State does not exceed 0.0025;
(ii) the business premises of the transferor at which the transfer is to occur are extremely remote in relation to the chief law enforcement officer; and
(iii) there is an absence of telecommunications facilities in the geographical area in which the business premises are located.
(2) A chief law enforcement officer to whom a transferor has provided notice pursuant to paragraph (1)(A)(i)(III) shall make a reasonable effort to ascertain within 5 business days whether receipt or possession would be in violation of the law, including research in whatever State and local recordkeeping systems are available and in a national system designated by the Attorney General.
(3) The statement referred to in paragraph (1)(A)(i)(I) shall contain only—
(A) the name, address, and date of birth appearing on a valid identification document (as defined in section 1028 (d)(1) [4]) of the transferee containing a photograph of the transferee and a description of the identification used;
(B) a statement that the transferee—
(i) is not under indictment for, and has not been convicted in any court of, a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year, and has not been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence;
(ii) is not a fugitive from justice;
(iii) is not an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act);
(iv) has not been adjudicated as a mental defective or been committed to a mental institution;
(v) is not an alien who—
(I) is illegally or unlawfully in the United States; or
(II) subject to subsection (y)(2), has been admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa (as that term is defined in section 101(a)(26) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(26)));
(vi) has not been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions; and
(vii) is not a person who, having been a citizen of the United States, has renounced such citizenship;
(C) the date the statement is made; and
(D) notice that the transferee intends to obtain a handgun from the transferor.
(4) Any transferor of a handgun who, after such transfer, receives a report from a chief law enforcement officer containing information that receipt or possession of the handgun by the transferee violates Federal, State, or local law shall, within 1 business day after receipt of such request, communicate any information related to the transfer that the transferor has about the transfer and the transferee to—
(A) the chief law enforcement officer of the place of business of the transferor; and
(B) the chief law enforcement officer of the place of residence of the transferee.
(5) Any transferor who receives information, not otherwise available to the public, in a report under this subsection shall not disclose such information except to the transferee, to law enforcement authorities, or pursuant to the direction of a court of law.
(6)
(A) Any transferor who sells, delivers, or otherwise transfers a handgun to a transferee shall retain the copy of the statement of the transferee with respect to the handgun transaction, and shall retain evidence that the transferor has complied with subclauses (III) and (IV) of paragraph (1)(A)(i) with respect to the statement.
(B) Unless the chief law enforcement officer to whom a statement is transmitted under paragraph (1)(A)(i)(IV) determines that a transaction would violate Federal, State, or local law—
(i) the officer shall, within 20 business days after the date the transferee made the statement on the basis of which the notice was provided, destroy the statement, any record containing information derived from the statement, and any record created as a result of the notice required by paragraph (1)(A)(i)(III);
(ii) the information contained in the statement shall not be conveyed to any person except a person who has a need to know in order to carry out this subsection; and
(iii) the information contained in the statement shall not be used for any purpose other than to carry out this subsection.
(C) If a chief law enforcement officer determines that an individual is ineligible to receive a handgun and the individual requests the officer to provide the reason for such determination, the officer shall provide such reasons to the individual in writing within 20 business days after receipt of the request.
(7) A chief law enforcement officer or other person responsible for providing criminal history background information pursuant to this subsection shall not be liable in an action at law for damages—
(A) for failure to prevent the sale or transfer of a handgun to a person whose receipt or possession of the handgun is unlawful under this section; or
(B) for preventing such a sale or transfer to a person who may lawfully receive or possess a handgun.
(8) For purposes of this subsection, the term “chief law enforcement officer” means the chief of police, the sheriff, or an equivalent officer or the designee of any such individual.
(9) The Attorney General shall take necessary actions to ensure that the provisions of this subsection are published and disseminated to licensed dealers, law enforcement officials, and the public.
(t)
(1) Beginning on the date that is 30 days after the Attorney General notifies licensees under section 103(d) of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act that the national instant criminal background check system is established, a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer shall not transfer a firearm to any other person who is not licensed under this chapter, unless—
(A) before the completion of the transfer, the licensee contacts the national instant criminal background check system established under section 103 of that Act;
(B)
(i) the system provides the licensee with a unique identification number; or
(ii) 3 business days (meaning a day on which State offices are open) have elapsed since the licensee contacted the system, and the system has not notified the licensee that the receipt of a firearm by such other person would violate subsection (g) or (n) of this section; and
(C) the transferor has verified the identity of the transferee by examining a valid identification document (as defined in section 1028 (d) of this title) of the transferee containing a photograph of the transferee.
(2) If receipt of a firearm would not violate subsection (g) or (n) or State law, the system shall—
(A) assign a unique identification number to the transfer;
(B) provide the licensee with the number; and
(C) destroy all records of the system with respect to the call (other than the identifying number and the date the number was assigned) and all records of the system relating to the person or the transfer.
(3) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a firearm transfer between a licensee and another person if—
(A)
(i) such other person has presented to the licensee a permit that—
(I) allows such other person to possess or acquire a firearm; and
(II) was issued not more than 5 years earlier by the State in which the transfer is to take place; and
(ii) the law of the State provides that such a permit is to be issued only after an authorized government official has verified that the information available to such official does not indicate that possession of a firearm by such other person would be in violation of law;
(B) the Attorney General has approved the transfer under section 5812 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or
(C) on application of the transferor, the Attorney General has certified that compliance with paragraph (1)(A) is impracticable because—
(i) the ratio of the number of law enforcement officers of the State in which the transfer is to occur to the number of square miles of land area of the State does not exceed 0.0025;
(ii) the business premises of the licensee at which the transfer is to occur are extremely remote in relation to the chief law enforcement officer (as defined in subsection (s)(8)); and
(iii) there is an absence of telecommunications facilities in the geographical area in which the business premises are located.
(4) If the national instant criminal background check system notifies the licensee that the information available to the system does not demonstrate that the receipt of a firearm by such other person would violate subsection (g) or (n) or State law, and the licensee transfers a firearm to such other person, the licensee shall include in the record of the transfer the unique identification number provided by the system with respect to the transfer.
(5) If the licensee knowingly transfers a firearm to such other person and knowingly fails to comply with paragraph (1) of this subsection with respect to the transfer and, at the time such other person most recently proposed the transfer, the national instant criminal background check system was operating and information was available to the system demonstrating that receipt of a firearm by such other person would violate subsection (g) or (n) of this section or State law, the Attorney General may, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, suspend for not more than 6 months or revoke any license issued to the licensee under section 923, and may impose on the licensee a civil fine of not more than $5,000.
(6) Neither a local government nor an employee of the Federal Government or of any State or local government, responsible for providing information to the national instant criminal background check system shall be liable in an action at law for damages—
(A) for failure to prevent the sale or transfer of a firearm to a person whose receipt or possession of the firearm is unlawful under this section; or
(B) for preventing such a sale or transfer to a person who may lawfully receive or possess a firearm.
(u) It shall be unlawful for a person to steal or unlawfully take or carry away from the person or the premises of a person who is licensed to engage in the business of importing, manufacturing, or dealing in firearms, any firearm in the licensee’s business inventory that has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
[(v) , (w) Repealed. Pub. L. 103–322, title XI, § 110105(2), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2000.]
(x)
(1) It shall be unlawful for a person to sell, deliver, or otherwise transfer to a person who the transferor knows or has reasonable cause to believe is a juvenile—
(A) a handgun; or
(B) ammunition that is suitable for use only in a handgun.
(2) It shall be unlawful for any person who is a juvenile to knowingly possess—
(A) a handgun; or
(B) ammunition that is suitable for use only in a handgun.
(3) This subsection does not apply to—
(A) a temporary transfer of a handgun or ammunition to a juvenile or to the possession or use of a handgun or ammunition by a juvenile if the handgun and ammunition are possessed and used by the juvenile—
(i) in the course of employment, in the course of ranching or farming related to activities at the residence of the juvenile (or on property used for ranching or farming at which the juvenile, with the permission of the property owner or lessee, is performing activities related to the operation of the farm or ranch), target practice, hunting, or a course of instruction in the safe and lawful use of a handgun;
(ii) with the prior written consent of the juvenile’s parent or guardian who is not prohibited by Federal, State, or local law from possessing a firearm, except—
(I) during transportation by the juvenile of an unloaded handgun in a locked container directly from the place of transfer to a place at which an activity described in clause (i) is to take place and transportation by the juvenile of that handgun, unloaded and in a locked container, directly from the place at which such an activity took place to the transferor; or
(II) with respect to ranching or farming activities as described in clause (i), a juvenile may possess and use a handgun or ammunition with the prior written approval of the juvenile’s parent or legal guardian and at the direction of an adult who is not prohibited by Federal, State or local law from possessing a firearm;
(iii) the juvenile has the prior written consent in the juvenile’s possession at all times when a handgun is in the possession of the juvenile; and
(iv) in accordance with State and local law;
(B) a juvenile who is a member of the Armed Forces of the United States or the National Guard who possesses or is armed with a handgun in the line of duty;
(C) a transfer by inheritance of title (but not possession) of a handgun or ammunition to a juvenile; or
(D) the possession of a handgun or ammunition by a juvenile taken in defense of the juvenile or other persons against an intruder into the residence of the juvenile or a residence in which the juvenile is an invited guest.
(4) A handgun or ammunition, the possession of which is transferred to a juvenile in circumstances in which the transferor is not in violation of this subsection shall not be subject to permanent confiscation by the Government if its possession by the juvenile subsequently becomes unlawful because of the conduct of the juvenile, but shall be returned to the lawful owner when such handgun or ammunition is no longer required by the Government for the purposes of investigation or prosecution.
(5) For purposes of this subsection, the term “juvenile” means a person who is less than 18 years of age.
(6)
(A) In a prosecution of a violation of this subsection, the court shall require the presence of a juvenile defendant’s parent or legal guardian at all proceedings.
(B) The court may use the contempt power to enforce subparagraph (A).
(C) The court may excuse attendance of a parent or legal guardian of a juvenile defendant at a proceeding in a prosecution of a violation of this subsection for good cause shown.
(y) Provisions Relating to Aliens Admitted Under Nonimmigrant Visas.—
(1) Definitions.— In this subsection—
(A) the term “alien” has the same meaning as in section 101(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(3)); and
(B) the term “nonimmigrant visa” has the same meaning as in section 101(a)(26) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(26)).
(2) Exceptions.— Subsections (d)(5)(B), (g)(5)(B), and (s)(3)(B)(v)(II) do not apply to any alien who has been lawfully admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa, if that alien is—
(A) admitted to the United States for lawful hunting or sporting purposes or is in possession of a hunting license or permit lawfully issued in the United States;
(B) an official representative of a foreign government who is—
(i) accredited to the United States Government or the Government’s mission to an international organization having its headquarters in the United States; or
(ii) en route to or from another country to which that alien is accredited;
(C) an official of a foreign government or a distinguished foreign visitor who has been so designated by the Department of State; or
(D) a foreign law enforcement officer of a friendly foreign government entering the United States on official law enforcement business.
(3) Waiver.—
(A) Conditions for waiver.— Any individual who has been admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa may receive a waiver from the requirements of subsection (g)(5), if—
(i) the individual submits to the Attorney General a petition that meets the requirements of subparagraph (C); and
(ii) the Attorney General approves the petition.
(B) Petition.— Each petition under subparagraph (B) shall—
(i) demonstrate that the petitioner has resided in the United States for a continuous period of not less than 180 days before the date on which the petition is submitted under this paragraph; and
(ii) include a written statement from the embassy or consulate of the petitioner, authorizing the petitioner to acquire a firearm or ammunition and certifying that the alien would not, absent the application of subsection (g)(5)(B), otherwise be prohibited from such acquisition under subsection (g).
(C) Approval of petition.— The Attorney General shall approve a petition submitted in accordance with this paragraph, if the Attorney General determines that waiving the requirements of subsection (g)(5)(B) with respect to the petitioner—
(i) would be in the interests of justice; and
(ii) would not jeopardize the public safety.
(z) Secure Gun Storage or Safety Device.—
(1) In general.— Except as provided under paragraph (2), it shall be unlawful for any licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, or licensed dealer to sell, deliver, or transfer any handgun to any person other than any person licensed under this chapter, unless the transferee is provided with a secure gun storage or safety device (as defined in section 921 (a)(34)) for that handgun.
(2) Exceptions.— Paragraph (1) shall not apply to—
(A)
(i) the manufacture for, transfer to, or possession by, the United States, a department or agency of the United States, a State, or a department, agency, or political subdivision of a State, of a handgun; or
(ii) the transfer to, or possession by, a law enforcement officer employed by an entity referred to in clause (i) of a handgun for law enforcement purposes (whether on or off duty); or
(B) the transfer to, or possession by, a rail police officer employed by a rail carrier and certified or commissioned as a police officer under the laws of a State of a handgun for purposes of law enforcement (whether on or off duty);
(C) the transfer to any person of a handgun listed as a curio or relic by the Secretary pursuant to section 921 (a)(13); or
(D) the transfer to any person of a handgun for which a secure gun storage or safety device is temporarily unavailable for the reasons described in the exceptions stated in section 923 (e), if the licensed manufacturer, licensed importer, or licensed dealer delivers to the transferee within 10 calendar days from the date of the delivery of the handgun to the transferee a secure gun storage or safety device for the handgun.
(3) Liability for use.—
(A) In general.— Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person who has lawful possession and control of a handgun, and who uses a secure gun storage or safety device with the handgun, shall be entitled to immunity from a qualified civil liability action.
(B) Prospective actions.— A qualified civil liability action may not be brought in any Federal or State court.
(C) Defined term.— As used in this paragraph, the term “qualified civil liability action”—
(i) means a civil action brought by any person against a person described in subparagraph (A) for damages resulting from the criminal or unlawful misuse of the handgun by a third party, if—
(I) the handgun was accessed by another person who did not have the permission or authorization of the person having lawful possession and control of the handgun to have access to it; and
(II) at the time access was gained by the person not so authorized, the handgun had been made inoperable by use of a secure gun storage or safety device; and
(ii) shall not include an action brought against the person having lawful possession and control of the handgun for negligent entrustment or negligence per se. [APPENDIX A Repealed. Pub. L. 103–322, title XI, § 110105(2), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2000]

[1] So in original. Probably should be followed with “and”.

[2] So in original. The word “who” probably should not appear.

[3] So in original. Probably should be followed by “of”.

[4] See References in Text note below.
What does all this mean? It means that if you got convicted of slapping your other half around at any time in your life you can't have access to even a single round of ammunition, not one gun (not even guns you already owned) and you can't work in a business that requires the use of firearms...

The Lautenberg Amendment was not only retroactive (and still catches those who mmay have plead to a misdemeanor to avoid court costs) but also applied sanctions previously limited to felony convictions. Further, it provides less for rehabilitation than do laws covering pedophilia! In other words, one can't be rehabilitated if one commits battery on ones spouse but can if one does so on a police officer or non-relation. One can't be rehabilitated for threatening ones spouse but can be if the offense is buggering children. That concept amazes me.

I'm going to do some more on this subject later. Your homework is to read and research. We'll get back to you later.

Links:
- Army policy

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Tuesday, January 06, 2009
  What is up with cops? Why in Georgia?


Ht tip to David Hardy for this. If I was a Glynn County resident I'd be pretty upset.

UPDATE: The departmental response...

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  Burris Rejected By Senate
Burris Rejected By Senate today. Could we expect better? Not from these yahoos. You'd think that a bunch of lawyers would notice that Blagojevich's directive for a special election for Rahm Emmanuel's seat was certified by the Illinois Secretary of State which affirms Governor Blagojevich's authority but the same guy won't do so for the Senate appointment. Blagojevich is still Governor, he made the appointment, Mr. Burris is as good a fellow as you'll get from Illinois AND he's a Democrat. So, what's the problem? Idiocy. And these are the same guys who are going to "save" the economy...

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  Climate "Crisis"
Obama left with little time to curb global warming Dec 14, 2:07 PM (ET) By SETH BORENSTEIN
Mother Nature, of course, is oblivious to the federal government's machinations. Ironically, 2008 is on pace to be a slightly cooler year in a steadily rising temperature trend line. Experts say it's thanks to a La Nina weather variation. While skeptics are already using it as evidence of some kind of cooling trend, it actually illustrates how fast the world is warming.

The average global temperature in 2008 is likely to wind up slightly under 57.9 degrees Fahrenheit, about a tenth of a degree cooler than last year. When Clinton was inaugurated, 57.9 easily would have been the warmest year on record. Now, that temperature would qualify as the ninth warmest year.
So cooling proves warming?

Ice ages are a well known phenomenon. Between ice ages are warming periods. The climate has been warming since the 1600s. It has been a good thing as that has permitted us to grow enough food to feed the world. As we cool it is likely that lower food production will cause problems. It doesn't help that major amounts of food production are going to fuel production (at a net loss of energy as well as food). We know that climate change is a problem, the question is are we affecting it?
U.S. emissions have increased by 20 percent since 1992. China has more than doubled its carbon dioxide pollution in that time. World carbon dioxide emissions have grown faster than scientists' worst-case scenarios. Methane, the next most potent greenhouse gas, suddenly is on the rise again and scientists fear that vast amounts of the trapped gas will escape from thawing Arctic permafrost.
Yet, temperatures are decreasing. Kinda kicks the CO2 theory in the butt. However, solar activity has decreased along with temperature decreases. Direct correlation between solar activity and global climate. Do you think that we can control the sun?

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Monday, January 05, 2009
  Gun Control - perhaps a losing cause and certainly a waste of time
I've been thinking about this. I'd love to be able to say something pithy and witty about it. I can't. To those of us opposed gun control is recognized for what it is, people control. We can't understand it. We can't understand those who support it. It is alien to us.

Opponents of gun control seem to generally see the world as full of humans who are created to and able to make choices. Some make good choices for the group, some make bad choices for the group. Some want to victimize individuals by stealing from, raping, murdering, or simply having power over individuals. Some want to do the same things but to the group as a whole. We see it as a fact that the individual being attacked is the only one who will absolutely be there at the point of contact and able to act to resist the attacker.

Proponents of gun control seem to generally see the world as full of humans unable to wise choices for themselves. The only exceptions are the elite. Of course that elite, that oligarchy, can not only make choices for themselves but also for the rest of us.

Members of the oligarchy don't like it when we point out that they make unwise choices in drug or alcohol use, disagree with their sexual choices, or are shocked by their lack of automobile driving abilities. They don't like to be reminded that they couldn't see the failure of Fanny Mae & Freddie Mac or didn't realize their boyfriend was running a prostitution ring out of their home. These people are hardly elite when it comes to mental capabilities.

Now we learn that gun control laws don't have much affect on gun ownership. Oh, sure there are studies that show that legal gun ownership limitations are inversely proportional to murder rates. Now we learn that even those sophisticated Europeans own guns, legally AND illegally!
Millions more hidden guns in Europe than previously revealed - new study

London, July 1 /PRNewswire/ -- - British firearm owners outarmed 3 to 1 by French, Germans

"Contrary to the common assumption that Europeans are virtually unarmed, an estimated 84 million firearms are legally held in the 15 member states of the EU. Of these, 80 per cent - 67 million guns - are in civilian hands," according to new research released today.

"Citizens of most European countries are more heavily armed than they realise, with an average of 17.4 guns per 100 people in the 15 EU countries alone," says Aaron Karp, co-author of the Small Arms Survey report. The UK has 10 firearms per 100 people.

"Many, but not all countries of Europe already have a strong gun culture," according to Karp, whose research for the Small Arms Survey 2003, to be released at the UN next week, shows that:

- Gun laws are tightest in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Poland

- In per capita terms, Germans buy almost as many firearms as Americans

- France has more lawfully held handguns than the Czech Republic, Denmark, England and Wales, Poland, Scotland, and Sweden combined

- Across Europe, officials agree that illegal guns greatly outnumber known legal firearms

"Contrary to the common assumption, guns are not rare or traditionally highly regulated in either France or Germany," says Karp. In the 13 months to last October, 47 people died and more than 36 were wounded with privately held guns in mass shootings in France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland.

More information on firearms in Britain, with country comparisons of gun ownership across Europe, is at: http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/Media/

Small Arms Survey 2003: Development Denied, the third annual global analysis of small arms issues (Oxford University Press), will be released in full on 8 July 2003 at the United Nations in New York, during its UN's Biennial Meeting of States on small arms.

The Survey: an independent research project funded by 12 governments, the Small Arms Survey is the principal international source of public information and analysis on small arms issues. It is based at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. Visit the Small Arms Survey website at http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/
No less than the Times of London has published this oped Think tank: If each of us carried a gun... ...we could help to combat terrorismby Richard Munday with these cogent observations,
For anybody who still believed in it, the Mumbai shootings exposed the myth of “gun control”. India had some of the strictest firearms laws in the world, going back to the Indian Arms Act of 1878, by which Britain had sought to prevent a recurrence of the Indian Mutiny.
noting the political repression motivation for the original British use of such restrictions and
The Mumbai massacre also exposed the myth that arming the police force guarantees security. Sebastian D’Souza, a picture editor on the Mumbai Mirror who took some of the dramatic pictures of the assault on the Chhatrapati Shivaji railway station, was angered to find India’s armed police taking cover and apparently failing to engage the gunmen.
something we reported and which we fail to understand. Our feeling is that if you don't want to serve, don't wear the uniform or take the pay check. Then Mr. Munday points out what happened when the populace was armed (and the police weren't),
In January 1909 two such anarchists, lately come from an attempt to blow up the president of France, tried to commit a robbery in north London, armed with automatic pistols. Edwardian Londoners, however, shot back – and the anarchists were pursued through the streets by a spontaneous hue-and-cry. The police, who could not find the key to their own gun cupboard, borrowed at least four pistols from passers-by, while other citizens armed with revolvers and shotguns preferred to use their weapons themselves to bring the assailants down.
That is much more the behavior of the stalwart citizen. And then he noted a quote from the greatest advocate of peaceable civil disobedience
“Among the many misdeeds of British rule in India,” Mahatma Gandhi said, “history will look upon the act depriving a whole nation of arms as the blackest.”
In fact, most everyone the world over, when allowed to live in a free society, realize or come to realize the truth and act accordingly. Either they own guns illegally, or if not members of the approved class, own guns illegally. They act in accordance with their moral code in just the same way as they don't do any one of a number of other destructive things. It is for that reason that "gun" control will fail and if we are in the voting majority will lose elections. It is certainly a waste of time and resources.

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Sunday, January 04, 2009
  America's House of Lords
That's the US Senate to which I refer. Why do I say that? Because the American "royalty" is getting "their" seat despite lack of qualification and only because the recipient of the appointment is a Kennedy.

Carolyn Bouvier Kennedy had our sympathy when her dad, John F. Kennedy was killed. We sincerely felt for her. That sympathy doesn't apply to her now as Mrs. Schlossberg goes to the Senate. She doesn't deserve the position. She hasn't earned it. She hasn't even earned it by working for New Yorkers or even by working for her party in New York state or EVEN by donating money to her party in New York state. She's apparently only getting it because the Kennedy family is leaning on the Governor of New York.

You see, Mrs. Schlossberg doesn't even have as much experience as Mrs. Clinton had when she ran for the seat. She hasn't held a job, been a consistent participant in the philanthropic organizations of which she's nominally a member (again, likely asked to join because of her name), and not as smart as some have thought she might be. That last has been shown to be true in recent interviews (New York Times) such as in this interview.



Not particularly articulate, but then again, you know, neither is George Bush. But there's something else that bothers me. She hasn't really bothered to vote. Not in primaries, not in local elections, not in general elections. Why should I want somebody who didn't think it was important enough to vote to get my vote?

Ya know, I'm disappointed. I expected better of, ya know, John Kennedy's daughter.

Still, it looks like she'll be the next Senator from New York, the next speed bump in Chuck Schumer's race to the microphone, the next member of America's House of Lords...

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Saturday, January 03, 2009
  Care to buy a Soviet Sub?
Refloated Soviet sub may be scrapped. I had no idea there was a Russian Sub Museum here in the states or that a submarine could be sunk by a rain storm. I find it interesting, being a child of the Cold War, that such a thing might be available.

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Friday, January 02, 2009
  Russia Cuts Gas Supply to Ukraine
Russia cuts off gas deliveries to Ukraine after Ukraine refuses to pay sharp increases in gas prices. I find this interesting for several reasons.

First, the attempt to raise prices flies in the face of worldwide prices. There simply isn't a reason, based on supply and demand, to do so. However, the Russians apparently felt they could strong arm the locals into paying increased prices to make up for the shortfall in sales they can't make elsewhere. It isn't working.
Plagued by the sharp fall in oil prices, Russia has been scrambling to make up the revenue shortfall as prices have slipped below $40 a barrel. Gazprom, too, is heavily in debt and sinking along with the energy market.

Next, the eastern European countries seem pretty much on the same page in rejecting the Russian demands (and let's face facts, Gazprom is the Russian government). These countries have long resented Russian domination that Putin wants to continue.
The shutoff at the peak of the heating season carried more than financial overtones; it is the most confrontational move by Russia toward a neighboring country since the August war in Georgia.

In comments broadcast Wednesday evening on Russian state television, Putin said any interference with Russia's gas exports to Europe would carry "serious consequences for the transit country itself." He did not elaborate, but Ukrainian officials did not need to be reminded that Russia issued a series of threats and provocations against Georgia, leading in part to the war last summer.

Underlying the gas dispute are long-running tensions between Russia and Ukraine, a former Soviet republic of 46 million. In 2004, after the street protests known as the Orange Revolution led to the installation of a pro-Western government in Ukraine, talks over gas supply and its transit became strained. This time, however, the political coloring is less clear.
But one telling comment says it all about the current state of affairs that the Russians just don't understand.
"On the Russian side, they are eager to raise cash," he said. "And on the Ukrainian side, they have difficulty finding it."
You can't get blood from a turnip Mr. Putin.

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Thursday, January 01, 2009
  Man Made Climate Change a Con
Man Made Climate Change a Con from the Belfast Telegraph reports that the Irish Environmental minister sees man-made global climate change as a con. Not just a lie, but a fraud.
"Most of the people who shout about climate change have not read one article about it

“I think in 20 years’ time we will look back at this whole climate change debate and ask ourselves how on earth were we ever conned into spending the billions of pounds which are going into this without any kind of rigorous examination of the background, the science, the implications of it all. Because there is now a degree of hysteria about it, fairly unformed hysteria I’ve got to say as well."
Of course that's been my view for a while now...

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For us, the American ideal is personified in the concept of self-reliance, work ethic, honesty/forthrightness, decency, personal property rights, family, religion, an ability to defend oneself from criminals and crooked politicians, and personal responsibility.





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